The Ruling Elite
by Deanna Springola
The Ruling Elite
by Deanna Springola
Revolutionary Jews Cause Havoc
In Spain, Russia, Turkey, Germany, Holland, England, America, and elsewhere, freemasons and those associated with the Alliance Israélite Universelle worked to overthrow all governments and abolish religion.
Because of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, well-organized Jews in every country acted in concert as one determined body. They had efficient intelligent leaders, weapons and sufficient financing all promoting a revolution. Time and experience reveals the international character of the movement. If one evaluates the revolutionary spirit in France (1789), numerous countries in Europe (1848), America (1861), Russia (1905, 1917), and the Ottoman Empire (1908) and again in Germany (1921) it becomes apparent that a common source exists that uses similar tactics. They use strikes, military force, assassination, media control, education, and they seize or infiltrate the government. Afterwards, they control credit, currency, production, and distribution. They create civil or class warfare, debase the culture, degrade ethical standards, and promote the patriotic participation in foreign warfare to morally,
Influx of Revolutionary Jews
Before 1900, American Jews comprised less than one percent of the total United States population. The new immigrants quickly became naturalized-citizens and indoctrinated Democrats, former victims who were now grateful to their new benefactors.
Those new voters later helped Schiff to install compliant stooges like Senator Nelson W. Aldrich, Woodrow Wilson, and later Franklin D. Roosevelt into public office. Regarding religious groups, there were more Jews in the United States by 1930, than there were Presbyterians or Episcopalians. During World War II, Jews living in America collected about $63 million, from private sources, destined to assist the European Jews.
After the Bolsheviks seized control in 1917, there was a five-year period (1919-1924) where “communist-inclined immigrants” from Eastern Europe immigrated to the United States, until Congress passed a restrictive law in 1924. During that period, about 3,000,000 people came from Eastern Europe, many of whom were Soviet agents, among them—Sidney Hillman.
Most of those largely non-Christian Eastern European immigrants embraced the Democrat Party.
After the failure of the revolutions in Europe in 1848, socialists, many of who were the Jewish instigators of those revolts, emigrated from Prussia and Austria and other places to England, and, from there, they immigrated to America. From 1835 to 1855, about 250,000 Jews arrived in the United States, settling primarily in New York, Baltimore, Cincinnati, San Francisco, and other large, urban areas. The roots of the oldest Reform synagogues in America are in those communities.
After 1880, certain politicians altered the nation’s immigration policies, and millions of people came from Southern and Eastern Europe. Most of them were non-Christian and held socialistic objectives hostile to the ideals and ethics that most of the population championed.
According to official US immigration records, 3,237,079 people, mostly Jews, arrived in the United States between 1881 and 1920. They came from the area of Russia that was formerly the kingdom of Poland before the “partitions” (1772-1795).206 Poland, between the two world wars, was the Republic of Poland. Those immigrants make up most of New York City’s 2,500,000 or more Jews.
The vast numbers of incoming Eastern European Jews were decidedly more aggressive than the assimilated, westernized Jews who had settled in America before 1880.
The new arrivals were more politically oriented than their coreligionists, many of whom had become successful merchants, an occupation in which they excelled. The Jews now arriving quickly entered into the professions and the industries, and participated in politics. The assimilated Jews, primarily from Germany before 1880, were very dissimilar to the newcomers.
Many Jewish immigrants to America engaged in numerous criminal activities, such as murder, racketeering, bootlegging, prostitution and narcotics. They also participated in New York’s socialistic labor movement, activities that naturally generated anti-Semitism. The Jewish mobsters competed with the Italian and Irish gangs, but generally operated in the Jewish neighborhoods in New York’s Lower East Side. Jacob Levinsky headed the Yiddish Black Hand, and, by the beginning of the twentieth century, the Jewish underworld was more influential in New York than the Italian or Irish gangs.
Fabians and Bolsheviks
In the spring of 1905, the British Fabian Society, a group founded on January 4, 1884, to incrementally introduce socialism into society, met in London, with the Bolsheviks, and arranged additional loans for them so they could proceed with their nefarious plans.
In 1929, Wells, a spokesman for the international conspiracy, wrote the pamphlet, The Open Conspiracy: Blueprints for a World Revolution, in which he defined the Masonic objectives:
1) Control of the world’s natural resources
2) reduction of world population through warfare
3) the destruction of sovereign nations
4) imposition of a world dictatorship through the instrumentality of a superior race.
Wells maintained that the elite, through control of information, would manipulate people who would willingly, incrementally accept the New World Order, gradually, one precept at a time. The conspiracy operates as a sinister system, existing as a nation within a nation, working to eradicate each nation in order to institute world government.
Joseph Fels, a Fabian and an American-based soap manufacturer, loaned the Bolsheviks a huge amount of money. He also financed the Jewish Territorialist Organization, founded in 1903, by author, activist and freemason, Israel Zangwill and Jewish journalist, Lucien Wolfe. Fels funded it from 1906 to 1912, when he died. Fabians helped finance the Bolsheviks while Jacob H. Schiff financed the Russo-Japanese War, Japan’s assault against Russia.
The Bolshevik revolution, January 22, 1905-July 16, 1907, failed miserably despite the financial and ideological support of the bankers and the Fabians. Thereafter, authorities sent Stalin to Siberia, Lenin fled to Switzerland; Trotsky lived in exile in London, Vienna, Zurich, Paris, and then he ultimately went to New York. He maintained connections to B’nai B’rith, a Masonic order that assisted the revolutionaries. Jacob H. Schiff, of Kuhn, Loeb, managed the communications between B’nai B’rith and the Jewish revolutionaries in Russia.
Simon Wolf, the Washington DC representative for the B’nai B’rith during the Civil War, worked with President Theodore Roosevelt to organize Jewish-American backing for the collapse of Russia. In his autobiography, Wolf revealed that he visited with Roosevelt at his estate, Sagamore Hills. They devised an international operation to accuse the czarist regime of anti-Semitism. Roosevelt regularly communicated with Count Sergei Witte, Russia’s First Prime Minister. Witte presided over extensive industrialization within Russia while serving under Czar Nicholas. According to their plan, Wolf accused the Russian regime of defaulting on its pledge to curtail the anti-Jewish pogroms. The B’nai B’rith then managed several American Jewish organizations that sent guns to the insurrectionists.
In 1903, Joseph Chamberlain, secretary for the colonies, and others devised the British Uganda Program, located in modern-day Kenya, as the location for the Jewish state. Herzl initially declined this proposal, as he preferred Palestine.
In Russia, Isaac B. Levinsohn, an advocate of Mendelssohn’s views, along with Abraham Harkavy, researched Jewish history and their settlement in Russia and discovered that they were not from Germany, as previously believed, but from the banks of the Volga.
Professor Heinrich Graetz, a Jewish historian, writes in his History of the Jews that, when Jews in other countries heard a rumor about the Jews in Khazaria, they believed them to be the “lost ten tribes,” possibly the foundation for the belief that Palestine was the homeland of these converted Khazars. In 1948, Benjamin H. Freedman addressed a large audience at the Pentagon, including high ranking army and military intelligence officers regarding the developing situation in the Middle East. He explained the origin of the Khazars so they would have a comprehensive understanding and be able to evaluate the events that had occurred since 1917, starting with the Bolsheviks in Russia and ultimately culminating in Palestine.
Napoleon and Palestine
With the establishment of the enlightenment philosophy, Napoleon Bonaparte, a freemason (initiated into the Army Philadelphe Lodge in 1798), while camped near Acre, announced in a written proclamation to the Jews, dated April 20, 1799, that he was going to restore Palestine to them. He ascended the throne as Emperor of France (1804-1815).
Rothschilds and the Royals
By August 17, 1808, Rothschild had become a financial advisor to the British government, and, in 1811, he sold his Manchester textile concerns.
Rothschilds and Palestine
In 1809, Frey organized the London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews, which he later shortened to the Jews Society. This new, apparently well-financed organization, possibly supported by Rothschild funds, advocated the concept of Jewish settlement in Palestine.
Even before the fatal Battle of Waterloo on June 18, 1815, several individuals in Britain had already adopted Napoleon’s idea of “restoring” Palestine to the Jews. Rothschild allegedly provided the funds that guaranteed the victory at Waterloo.
Napoleon lost the war and had to rescind his promise to restore the Jews to Palestine.
Palmerston, then foreign minister, with B’nai B’rith’s help created the International Zionist Movement by 1860.
He allegedly helped create Zionism, only one of numerous Masonic-based cults, some Jewish and some Christian, which agents disseminated throughout Europe and America. Freemasons created B’nai B’rith as an extension of the Jewish Rite of freemasonry in America.
On October 13, 1843, in Sinsheimer’s Café in New York City, twelve German Jewish freemasons, representing the twelve tribes of Israel, founded B’nai B’rith International, an order exclusively for Jews and half-Jews. They were Henry Jones, Isaac Rosenbourg, William Renau, Reuben Rodacher, Henry Kling, Isaac Dittenhoefer, Jonas Hecht, and a few other German-Jewish immigrants.
Supporters of Israel
In 1858, Horatius Bonar, a Scottish churchman and poet, promoted the “Repatriation of Israel… we have a people without a country, as well as a country without a people.” In 1881, American William Blackstone advocated the restoration of Palestine to the Jewish population while deploring the persecution of the Jews in Russia. He wrote about “a land without a people, and a people without a land.” In 1884, George S. Bowes, author and Cambridge University clergyman, referred to “a land without a people… a people without a land” while advocating the restoration of the Jews to Palestine.
Alliance Israélite Universelle
In the 1830s, Jacob I. Cohen, a friend of the Rothschilds, had financed the Baltimore branch of the slave trade for the British East India Company. He opened a branch bank in New York City to accommodate that trade, and his brother married Solomon Etting’s daughter. Etting and Cohen partnered in B&O Railroad. Later, the Cohens, with others, including Dr. Aaron Friedenwald, Dr. Cyrus Alder, and Rabbi Benjamin Szold of the Congregation Ohev Shalom in Baltimore, founded the Baltimore chapter of the Alliance Israélite Universelle.
In 1862, the Alliance Israélite Universelle created a network of schools in order to disseminate a multicultural, humanistic education to over a million children. The organization, in its schools, promotes the significance of maintaining a special bond among Jews. The schools teach students how to create a liberal atmosphere, encourage community consensus, and how to engage in Jewish activism in their own communities.
Initially, the Masonic Alliance Israélite Universelle functioned as a powerful organization for the extension of Jewish power over gentile nations, by whatever means possible, and it used the B’nai B’rith as its executive organ.
The Sassoons, Rothschilds, Montefiores, and Goldsmids have always been the most prominent members. The Anglo-Jewish association later initiated daily communication with the central committee of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, an organization that often intercedes for Jewish criminals so they may escape justice.
Jean Izoulet (1854-1929), a prominent freemason in the Grand Orient and member of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, wrote, “The meaning of the history of the last century has been that three hundred Jewish financiers, all masters of the chair, will rule the world.”
Kaiser Wilhelm II
William H. Hechler, an avowed Zionist, had tutored the children of Friedrich I, the Grand Duke of Baden. During this time, he had the opportunity to develop a relationship with Friedrich’s nephew, the young Hohenzollern prince, who would later became Kaiser Wilhelm II (1888-1918). Through Hechler’s instrumentality, Herzl first contacted Friedrich I, which led to Herzl’s meeting with Wilhelm II in Eretz Israel in 1898. Wilhelm, of Germany, very sympathetic to Turkey, had previously offered to intervene with the sultan in behalf of the Zionists.
Dr. Max Bodenheimer, the attorney for the Zionist Congress, and others accompanied Herzl on his journey to meet Kaiser Wilhelm in Constantinople. Wilhelm journeyed in the Near East, after the policy-setting Second Zionist Congress, when he visited Constantinople, Syria, and Palestine. The Zionists viewed this as an unprecedented opportunity to acquire German support, and Herzl attributed undue significance to a meeting between Sultan Abdülhamid II and Kaiser Wilhelm. Theodor Herzl, searching for a strong country to support a Jewish homeland, proudly showed the Kaiser a Jewish settlement in Palestine. However, the Kaiser rejected the idea of sponsoring a Jewish homeland.
In 1899, Ahmed Tevfik Pasha had told Wilhelm, “The Sultan would have nothing to do with Zionism and an independent Jewish Kingdom.” Further, he said that Zionism threatened Turkish sovereignty and “the Germans should renounce the idea of introducing the Jewish people into the international community as a state, because this project, by creating a state at the center of the Ottoman Empire, would assure the ruin of Turkey.” Wilhelm withdrew whatever support he ever had for Zionism. His attitude influenced some of the leaders of other countries regarding their potential support. One of those countries was Russia.
Russia’s Approval of Zionism
Herzl heard that Vyacheslav von Plehve, Russia’s minister of the Interior, planned to prohibit the Zionist Movement. He helped fund the Kishinev newspaper, Bessarabets, which regularly published anti-Jewish materials, a factor that may have fueled the pogrom there (April 6-7, 1903). Through a friend, Herzl made an appointment with him to appeal for three provisions. He wanted the following: 1) the government’s authorization for the creation of Zionist societies modeled after the Basel plan; 2) the Russian government to obtain the sultan’s charter for the Jewish colonization of Palestine; and 3) the subsidizing of Jewish emigration to Palestine out of Jewish sources. Von Plehve agreed to present Herzl’s proposals to the czar on the condition that the Jews, during their Sixth Zionist Congress, slated for August 23, 1903, would withhold their criticism of the Russian government. Within three days, von Plehve reported that the czar approved of all three provisions.
In August 1903, von Plehve wrote to Herzl and told him that Russia would support an independent state in Palestine. However, when Germany withdrew support, the Russians also withdrew support.
France had always opposed Herzl’s project, as it had interests in Syria and Palestine.
In 1907, at the Eighth Zionist Congress, delegates set their sights on Palestine and discussed their strategy which included inciting chaos, such as the Young Turk Revolution against the Ottoman Empire.
In the Ninth Zionist Congress, 1909, in Hamburg, he and Nordau both anticipated that the Young Turk Revolution would drastically enhance their expectations in Palestine.
First Immigration to Palestine (to Rothschild Owned Land)
Baron Edmond de Rothschild, the youngest child of James Mayer Rothschild, initially rejected colonization in Eretz Israel, but eventually accepted the idea. He financed the first settlement, Rishon LeZion, founded on July 31, 1882, by Hibbat Zion pioneers from Kharkov, Ukraine. By 1884, he financed four out of seven settlements. He employed heavy-handed bureaucracy, especially when it came to disseminating funds. By 1887, residents were prepared to mutiny against Baron Rothschild and his managers. Rothschild ended the Ekron mutiny (1888-1892) when he declared that he owned the settlement and the land and threatened to deport the settlers.
In 1899, because of health issues, Baron Rothschild withdrew from direct involvement in the settlements. Regardless of the continuing controversies, the settlements and Zionism would have totally collapsed without the assistance of Rothschild’s specialists, who helped to establish Israel’s agricultural economy. He transferred the stewardship of the settlements to the Jewish Colonization Association, which spawned the Palestine Jewish Colonization Association. Hibbat Zion no longer existed after he relinquished his control.
On May 3, 1896, Dionys Rosenfeld, editor of the Osmanische Post in Constantinople, told Herzl that, despite the nation’s financial insolvency and diplomatic disadvantages, Turkey would not surrender sovereignty of any of its provinces.
Ottoman (Turkish) Debt
As a result of the Crimean War, between the Russian Empire on one side and an alliance of France, Britain, the Kingdom of Sardinia (absorbed by Italy in 1861), and the Ottoman Empire on the other, the Turks had major debt obligations to the Europeans…
…by 1854, the nation needed to finance its participation in the Crimean War, so they acquired a loan via the British and French money markets for £3 million sterling, at 6 percent interest, even though the Quran condemned usury. In 1855, it borrowed £5 million, at 4 percent. By 1874, perhaps to gratify its indulgences, the Ottoman government burdened itself with £191 million through thirteen additional loans, with interest rates between 10 and 21 percent. It used only 10 percent of that money to increase its economic strength and squandered much of the rest. During that same period, Europe expanded economically, while its investments in Turkey functioned to keep the “Muslim empire backward and at the mercy of Europe.” The Ottoman government discovered it was easier to borrow money than to raise taxes. To restore confidence, the government established the foreign-controlled Ottoman Bank in the capital. The Armenian bankers in Constantinople, without national loyalties, supported the pashas, who extorted taxes throughout the countryside. As a result of the Crimean War, between the Russian Empire on one side and an alliance of France, Britain, the Kingdom of Sardinia (absorbed by Italy in 1861), and the Ottoman Empire on the other, the Turks had major debt obligations to the Europeans. The economic panic (1873), initiated in New York, had catastrophic world consequences, especially for the financially strapped Ottoman Empire.
Abdülhamid II, who became the Sultan on August 31, 1876, was attempting to gradually extricate the economy from European debt slavery, which prevented modern infrastructure development and jeopardized Turkish sovereignty. He was trying to avoid the fate that Egypt experienced—virtual British occupation of the country following its inability to pay its debts.
Therefore, the Zionists’ plan appeared to be the solution to salvage the Turkish economy from the Europeans.
Resident non-Muslim minorities controlled the foreign branch banks in the Ottoman Empire until 1878.
The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) government tried to institute a central bank using national capital, but it failed when World War I erupted. Following the war, they established the National Credit Bank as a central bank, conceived to undertake the duties of the Imperial Ottoman Bank. The National Credit Bank became the central bank when the Ottoman Empire fell in 1923.
Herzl’s Financial Offer
Herzl asked the sultan to issue a charter for Jewish colonization of Palestine, in exchange for £20 million. Newleński urged Abdülhamid to accept the offer by saying, “Without the help of the Zionists, the Turkish economy would not stand a chance of recovery.” The sultan responded, “If Herr Herzl is as much your friend as you are mine, advise him not to take another step in this matter. I cannot relinquish a square foot of land, for it does not belong to me, but to my people. My people have conquered and fortified this empire with their blood… The Jews should save their billions. When my empire is partitioned, perhaps they will get Palestine for nothing. But only our dead body will be divided. (As long as we are alive) I will not permit a vivisection.”
Herzl Meets British Nobility
Jacob De Haas was the secretary of the First Zionist Congress and, as the editor of the newspaper the Jewish World (1892-1900), in London, introduced Theodor Herzl to Britain.
In 1899, the Third Zionist Congress elected Leopold J. Greenberg, a British journalist, and De Haas to the Propaganda Committee. Greenberg, a friend of David Lloyd George, invited Herzl to his home and introduced him to some prominent British Jews to persuade them to accept Zionism. De Haas moved to the United States in 1902, and, as a propagandist, he became editor of The Boston Jewish Advocate (1908-1918). Herzl recommended that Gottheil hire de Haas as the new ZOA secretary to replace Wise. De Haas soon befriended Louis D. Brandeis, a lawyer, and, by 1908, Brandeis was committed to Zionism.
Zangwill introduced Herzl to numerous influential men and arranged for him to address a banquet at the Maccabeans, a club for Anglo-Jewish intellectuals and civil servants. He made certain that Herzl met the most prominent individuals in London’s Jewish community. Herzl, attempting to evoke sympathy for the Jews, met Lord Shaftesbury, Viscount Palmerston, the men of the Palestine Exploration Society, biblical scholars, and the novelist George Eliot, the author who wrote Daniel Deronda, about a Jew who worked for the creation of a national home for Jews.
Herzl had lunch with Sir Samuel Montagu, an Orthodox Jew, leading banker, and a Member of Parliament. He initially gained Montagu’s support and told him he would appeal to the Turkish Sultan for an award of 250,000 acres east of the Jordan River. Prime Minister William E. Gladstone approved of the plan, but Lord Walter Rothschild rejected it. Although a few Jewish millionaires supported him, he was unable to attract the interest of the Jewish money power in his attempt to acquire at least £100 million pounds. The Rothschilds refused to speak to him.102 Zangwill sent him to see Colonel Albert E. W. Goldsmid, an army officer who had supported Baron Maurice de Hirsh’s project to settle Jews in Argentina, which was really just a “nursing ground for Palestine.”
Herzl Support Turkey’s War
The minute Turkey declared war on Greece on April 17, 1897, German Zionists began collecting funds for the Turkish Red Crescent, a faction of the International Red Cross, founded June 11, 1868. During that short war, those Zionists wanted to impress the Sultan by their show of humanitarianism.
Nordau and Wolffsohn attempted, once again, to contact Edmond de Rothschild, who was dead-set against the Zionist project, and had been since Herzl initially approached him over four years before. Rothschild would support it, and even sell the Zionists his Palestinian colonies, but only after they had officially established their bank.
The leaders of the multinational Ottoman Empire were cognizant of Zionist ambitions, as they had read Herzl’s Der Judenstaat. Ahmed Tevfik Pasha, the Ottoman ambassador in Berlin, had agents at
Herzl thought he could help, but only under conditions of absolute secrecy. Herzl figured that he and his Jewish friends could purchase the debt, but the sultan had to reciprocate by adopting a friendly policy toward the Jews. The Sultan needed £1.5 million immediately to satisfy the previous year’s deficit.109 The desperate sultan gave Herzl four weeks to accomplish the task.
Herzl attempted to find the necessary money in Paris and London. Rothschild remained unapproachable, as did Baron Maurice de Hirsch’s Jewish Colonization Association. Other offers were insufficient. In London, Herzl appealed to the bankers who had previously appeared supportive. They could not help without Lord Nathaniel Rothschild’s approval. A few of these bankers urged Rothschild to receive Herzl, but he refused.
Herzl asked Vámbéry to negotiate with the sultan and induce him to allow the establishment of an Ottoman-Jewish company in exchange for solving Turkey’s financial problems within five years.
He wanted to free them from their foreign debt in exchange for allowing the Jews to colonize Palestine.
The sultan refused to open Palestine, but offered the Jews Mesopotamia, Syria, and Anatolia. Herzl, with additional leverage, rejected the offer.112
Political Zionists encouraged the use of violence, especially after the discovery of the vast mineral wealth of Palestine.
There were numerous reasons for wanting Palestine. Interest in the potential resources in the Dead Sea began before World War I. Moise A. Novomeysky was a Russian engineer and political Zionist who became interested in the Dead Sea’s possibilities when fellow scientist, Otto Warburg, mentioned them to him in 1906. Warburg had read a report by German geologist Dr. Max Blankenhorn, of the University of Erlangen, about Sodom and Gomorrah and the Dead Sea that appeared in the Zeitschrift of the German Palestine Society. Novomeysky made the first survey of the area in 1911, and recognized its potential wealth. Winston Churchill, secretary of state for the colonies (1921-1922), gave Novomeysky a grant for the exploitation of the Dead Sea. Novomeysky then established the Palestine Potash Company in 1929, the company that would supply 50 percent of Britain’s potash during World War II.
Experts estimated the chemical and mineral wealth of the Dead Sea to have a proven value of $5 trillion (1947 money). In order for bankers and Zionists to acquire the resources, it was necessary to establish a Jewish state there.
Although the Zionists did not get a charter for a Jewish state, they managed to settle thousands in Palestine. Chaim Weizmann, by 1901, along with Martin Buber and Berthold Feiwel, lobbied for the founding of a Jewish institution of higher learning in Palestine.
The other European countries accused Britain of using the Jews to increase their control in Palestine.
Investors included Leon Blum, Albert Einstein, Herbert Samuel, Felix M. Warburg, Cyrus Adler, and Lee K. Frankel.
Germany & Turkey
Turkey was an important area of German economic interest. The Ottoman government, the resident population, and the German investors benefitted from these enterprises. They envisioned a whole network of German-controlled railways running from Berlin to Baghdad and from Hamburg to the Persian Gulf. In December 1899, the Ottoman government awarded the Baghdad concession to German financiers. Certain British elites were gratified that the Germans were in the Middle East and not Russia. Joseph Chamberlain and Cecil Rhodes were even willing to collaborate with them in their economic projects. The British government preferred working with Germans instead of Frenchmen. However, conditions changed in the early years of the twentieth century and British financiers were no longer interested in any Anglo-German agreements, especially after the Ottomans finalized the Baghdad concession with the Germans in 1903, which included the mineral rights on both sides of the Baghdad railway line.
Before 1887, German companies had no financial interests in Turkey’s railways. Yet, within five years, the Deutsche Bank and its partners financially controlled Turkey’s railways from the Austro-Hungarian border to Constantinople.
According to a correspondent for The Standard, in Constantinople, the German Anatolian Railway Company offered to purchase the Smyrna-Aidin Railway Company from its London shareholders, a proposal that disturbed the investors. Such a sale might impact British trade monopolies in the area.
The bankers and freemasons who controlled the British government wanted to avoid any kind of positive, cooperative, economic alliance between Germany, France, Turkey, Russia, Japan, and China. The construction of a railroad system, linking east and west, would make such a liaison possible and eliminate Britain’s lengthy domination of the seas.
The Baghdad concession would link Berlin to Baghdad, the intellectual center of the Arab world and allow Germany to bypass the ongoing British naval blockades and gain direct access to oil. 996 The railway would bypass the Suez Canal, managed by the British and French. Germany was progressing, and clearly threatened Britain’s global hegemony.
Stephen Kinzer wrote, “Internal combustion engines would soon revolutionize every aspect of human life, and control over the oil needed to fuel them would henceforth be the key to world power. Individuals had discovered and utilized oil around the Caspian Sea, in the Dutch East Indies, and in the United States, but neither Britain nor any of its colonies produced or showed any promise of producing it. If the British could not find oil somewhere, they would no longer be able to rule the waves or much of anything else.”
The international bankers in London and New York recognized that control of petroleum was essential.
Germany, with hard work and technology, skillfully utilized her natural resources, such as coal in the Ruhr, iron-ore in Lorraine, and potassium salts in Stassfurt and Wittelsheim. By 1913, Germany excelled Britain as a manufacturer of pig iron and steel, in addition to challenging Britain in the production of coal and lignite. Germany successfully began exporting large amounts of woolen cloth and semi-manufactured woolens. German scientists made significant discoveries and contributions in the chemical, electrical and shipbuilding industries. In 1913, Germany supplied about nine-tenths of the world’s synthetic dyes and exported more electrical appliances than any other country. Germany, from meager beginnings, expanded its shipbuilding industry, its mercantile marine and its navy. Numerous German inventions, such as the electric dynamo, aniline dyes, and petrol and diesel engines, energized the country’s industrialization.
German Emperor, Wilhelm I had unified Germany with the birth of the German Empire on January 18, 1871, with a proclamation, the period known as the Second Reich (1871-1918). By 1914, it was Europe’s most powerful industrial nation. That industrialization, especially in scientific and engineering technology, and the resulting petrochemical industry, made Germany a powerful competitor to Britain, which targeted Germany for destruction. British bankers, adept at involving countries in war, manipulated France, Russia and ultimately the United States to wage war against Germany.
British bankers resented Germany’s extraordinary emergence as a world power represented by her commercial interests in the Middle East. It interfered with British domination of the area and its plans for Africa.
As early as 1897, Britain wanted to neutralize and eventually eliminate Germany’s power and therefore formulated a pervasive operation to encircle the Eurasian land mass and prevent a formidable alliance between Germany and Russia, both Christian nations, which would jeopardize Britain’s imperialistic status.
Balfour: “We are probably fools not to find a reason for declaring war on Germany before she builds too many ships and takes away our trade.”
In 1910, with South Africa subdued, Lord Alfred Milner and his Round Table cohorts now focused on initiating an imminent war against Germany using the same vile tactics as they had in Africa.
The German concession for the Baghdad Railway, in addition to the Anatolian line from Konya to Adana, Mosul, Baghdad, and Bursa, wanted to extend a branch to a port on the Persian Gulf.
They opened the Damascus-Mecca Railway in February, 1907, which extended to Al Akhbar (Lebanon) and northwards. They also provided electric tramways in and about Smyrna.” 1000 Thus we see why Britain greatly resented Germany.
In comparison to other European countries, Germany has more natural resources, including lignite, anthracite, timber, peat, iron ore, and currently, hydroelectric power.
Historically, Germany played an important part in the development of wood frame construction and woodworking expertise. With all of its forests, Germany helped develop techniques used in modern forestry. Today, Germany, with a third of its land covered with forests, has the largest standing forest in Europe. Germans developed the necessary technological skills in order to manufacture numerous hard, and soft wood products.
In the beginning of the eighteenth century, people began to synthesize organic dyes.
This population growth and the expansion of industry made it necessary to efficiently increase agriculture production, to feed the population, and to provide raw materials such as wool, flax, hemp, hides timber, the madder plant, and other items.
Freemasonry & Ferdinand
In 1912, leading freemasons met in Switzerland, a neutral country where people devise international schemes. They purportedly decided to assassinate Ferdinand in order to initiate worldwide warfare.
Franz Ferdinand was the oldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria, the younger brother of Maximilian and Franz Joseph. Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni assassinated Franz Joseph’s wife, Empress Elizabeth, on September 10, 1898, in Geneva. Numerous people viewed the prospect of Franz Ferdinand ascending to the throne as very grave, especially those in the upper circles of government. If he came to power, he planned to drastically revise the constitution of the whole Hapsburg Empire by creating a “United States of Austria,” and federalizing the government. He believed in giving autonomy to ethnic groups within the Empire and advocated listening to their grievances, particularly the Czechs in Bohemia and the Slavic peoples in Croatia and Bosnia. If he controlled the Hapsburg Empire, he would remove the Hungarian Prime Minister Kálmán Tisza (1875-1890), who was married to a Jewess, Ilona Degenfeld-Schomburg, and who, through his decisions, accommodated the Jews. Franz Ferdinand would alter the election laws that allowed Tisza, part of the landed gentry, and his base to maintain power. The masses attributed the national misery to his policies which triggered widespread anti-Semitism.
Franz would allow equal rights and permit agricultural workers, the non-property owners to vote. This would allow the 3,000,000 Croats within the Hungarian borders to have a voice against their oppressors. Officials did not invite Croat delegates to the Austro-Hungarian compromise of March 30, 1867, which reestablished the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Hungary and separated it from the Austrian Empire. After 1867, Tisza formed a coalition of the nobility, business interests, and small landowners into the new Liberal Party. István Tisza, Kálmán’s son was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1903-1905). Emperor Franz Josef’s son, Rudolf, committed suicide with his lover Marie Vetsera on January 30, 1889, which made Franz Ferdinand the heir to the throne. In 1895, in Prague, Ferdinand met the former Countess Sophie Chotek from an old Czech family. Her family failed to meet the eligibility standards for marrying into one of the reigning European families. Despite this, and amid family pressure, they married on July 1, 1900. Emperor Franz Joseph reluctantly agreed to the marriage but compelled his nephew to renounce all possibilities to the Hapsburg throne, for himself, his wife, and their future children. Archduke Ferdinand, while reserving the right of succession to the throne, despite his marriage, systematically increased Austria’s power, while eliminating German influence. State officials within the German districts gradually promoted the integration of languages. The Czechs, traditionally hostile to the Germans, viewed Vienna as “their” biggest city. Because of the Archduke’s marriage, the royal family favored the Czech language.
Evidently, the Archduke was determined to institute a Catholic Slav State in Central Europe to function as a fortification against Orthodox Russia. During other times in Habsburg history, officials exploited religion to attain political objectives, a disastrous policy to German interests. Ultimately, this proved a detriment to the House of Habsburg, which lost the throne, and to the Catholic Church, which lost the state. The monarchy’s mingling of religion and politics, to quench Germanism, instead, ignited the Pan-German Movement in Austria. 1142 In 1912, leading freemasons met in Switzerland, a neutral country where people devise international schemes. They purportedly decided to assassinate Ferdinand in order to initiate worldwide warfare. On September 15, 1912, the Revue Internationale des Sociétés Secretes, a Catholic anti-Masonic, anti-Jewish publication edited by Ernest Jouin, in discussing Ferdinand, a prominent Swiss freemason stated, “The Archduke is a remarkable man. It is a pity that he is condemned. He will die on the steps of the throne.”
Franz Josef feared that Serbia’s actions would destroy the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, which might also affect the German Empire.
…Austria can be certain that Germany will stand behind her as an ally and a friend.” Kaiser Wilhelm thought it inconceivable that the assassination would lead to a European war. He thought that the czar was unprepared for a war, and would not oppose “the proper punishment of Serbia.” He also believed that England would remain neutral.
Breakout of WW I
Serbian politicians failed to meet the demands, known as the July Ultimatum, so Austria-Hungarian politicians declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914, on the grounds that it had a role in the assassinations. Russia declared war on Germany on July 29, 1914.
Destruction of Germany and Ottomans
By March 1915, Germany, short of money, energy, and food, attempted to declare peace. However, absent Germany’s participation, Britain’s ambition to control oil, and exercise power in the Middle East following a certain victory at the war’s end would not materialize. Britain had to crush Germany, so that Germany’s ally, the Ottoman Empire would fall.
Winston Churchill had ignored every effort to avoid a war and refused to consider negotiating a quick end once it started. He obstinately opposed all of Germany’s attempts to end the war. In 1916, David Lloyd George considered negotiations, but Churchill erupted in anger when he heard about Lloyd George’s intentions.
Officials of the Congress of Vienna (1815) created the German Confederation, which was an alliance of German-speaking countries in Central Europe, in order to coordinate their economies, and function as a safeguard against the powerful states of Austria and Prussia, the two dominant member states.
Especially from 1848 forward, freemasonry largely influenced political and cultural policies in France, 952 the country that Dr. Heinrich Pudor referred to as the “Scourge of Europe” since the freemasonic Revolution of 1789.
The freemasons installed one of their own, Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, through a coup d’état on December 2, 1851. He ascended the throne as Napoleon III on December 2, 1852.
Crémieux, the Grand Commander of the Supreme Council and founder of the exclusively Jewish organization, the Alliance Israélite Universelle, thereafter became a dangerous enemy. The Franco-Prussian War (July 19, 1870-May 10, 1871) began France’s long-term anti-German policies.
Crémieux belonged to the French Masonic Lodge, Alsace Lorraine, reportedly the lodge from which someone stole the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion, a document that some scholars say was written in 1901-1902, after the formal development of the Zionist movement. Additionally, as a thirty-third degree ruling freemason, he was on the Supreme Council of the Ancient and Primitive Rite of Mizraim freemasonry in Paris.
Up until 1848, the Jews living in Germany had, for whatever reason, perhaps to infiltrate the culture, adopted democratic convictions and thereafter many supported “National Liberalism,” and joined the ruling Conservative parties. Then they monopolized the literary field and at least seventy-five percent of the popular press where they pursued their own interests while working to disintegrate the Germanic state. They patterned their journalistic objectives to serve their own commercial interests, shaped public opinion, critiqued the theater and art, and wrote about politics and religion.
After emancipation, the Jews further exploited the press and reduced journalism to gossip and scandal and instituted unionism. Although they made fun of their own idiosyncrasies, they viewed such conduct from the German population as a malicious demonstration of religious hatred. Germans outwardly resigned “in favor of Judaism” after 1848 when they allowed Jewish mediation to rule every aspect of their lives wherein Jewry collected a commission. According to writer, Wilhelm Marr, Jewry staged a war against the Germans, beginning in 1848, over a thirty-year period, with their revolutionary activities, not only in Germany, but in other European countries.
After 1848, a culture struggle began in which many Germans felt ostracized, as they could not criticize “anything Jewish.” Marr maintained that the Germans did not oppose foreign rule sufficiently, nor the Judaic struggle to obtain world domination. The Jewish-owned press prohibited the Germans from addressing the obvious “culture struggle.” Editors printed political-cultural analyses and suppressed publications about Christianity while ignoring the anomalies of Jewish statutes and rituals, like the brutalities of kosher slaughtering, which would have generated accusations of “hatred” against the Germans. According to Marr, it was “quite a different matter” if Jews criticized Germany’s religious practices. The cartelized press, even in letters to the editor, excluded the German citizen’s right to free expression.
Jewish Bankers in Germany
In 1848, Jewish banker and freemason, Ludwig Bamberger, educated at Gießen, Heidelberg, and Göttingen, edited the Mainzer Zeitung and was one of the leaders in the Republican Party which participated in the revolution in Germany. He fled to Paris to escape execution and gained banking expertise while working for the bank of Bischoffheim & Goldschmidt. Germany’s general amnesty enabled him to return in 1866. He joined the National Liberal Party and people elected him as a member of the Reichstag where he advocated free trade, the Reichsbank, promoted a gold currency, and opposed bimetallism. On January 22, 1870, along with private banker Adelbert Delbruck, he founded Deutsche Bank in Berlin, specializing in foreign trade, and also founded the Group for the Promotion of Free Trade. By 1878, he would oppose Bismarck’s policies of protectionism and state socialism.
The Jewish dailies in the German-speaking lands supported Jewish industrial interests and securities speculation. Meanwhile, England allied with Judaism. the Slavs dismissed the Germans and viewed them as the Jewish newspaper depicted them. The German spirit had become a stranger in the press where the majority of journalists were Jewish. Since 1866, because of Bismarck’s policies, and because he typically acquiesced to their demands, most Jews held him in high esteem. The Franco-Prussian War was a military conflict between the French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. The North German Confederation assisted Prussia, along with the South German states of Baden, Württemberg, and Bavaria. The victorious Prussians brought about the final unification of Germany even before the war’s end and the downfall of Napoleon III. The unification of the German states occurred on January 18, 1871, when the princes of the various German states proclaimed Wilhelm I as the German Emperor when they gathered at the Versailles Palace’s Hall of Mirrors in France.
The German Empire had the world’s most powerful army, and its navy became second to Britain in less than a decade.
From 1870 onward, because Germany opposed French freemasonry, France implemented revenge and encirclement policies against Germany, as determined by liberal and democratic politicians with freemasonry connections. Leon Gambetta, a freemason and the head of the Republican Party, laid the foundation for the French Triple Alliance policy wherein the French would accept any ally in their efforts against Germany, including Russia. Edward VII, the head of English freemasonry as Prince of Wales, welcomed these Masonic associations.
The Jewish and Masonic-controlled world press initiated a hateful anti-German campaign incredibly similar to the propaganda campaign they waged against National Socialist Germany.
The press exaggerated and exploited any errors the German Empire made and created propagandistic slogans and spoke of its alleged barbaric militarism as a threat to democracy, as it would before and during World War I. The press originated the myth of blind Prussian obedience, a danger to civilization, as compared to the professed ideals of Masonic individualism. Meanwhile, German lodges maintained their philosophy regarding the brotherhood of Folks and Races. Early on, due to the logistics and composition of the German Empire, there existed the Jewish Question, what to do about their powerful influence. Following the war, Masonic politicians discussed world peace and international unity at several congresses, an early attempt by internationalists to establish world governance. The same Masonic politicians who were expounding world peace hypocritically sought Germany’s complete destruction. Even German freemasons, especially the Jewish Masons and the smaller lodges, abandoned their national loyalties and obligations in favor of the liberal democratic Masonic Internationale.
The Germans, mostly an agricultural people, resented “the Semitic craftiness and its practical business sense” and reacted accordingly as this foreign opportunistic tribe, who viewed all Gentiles as unclean, exploited the basic German character. While this provoked the common folk, the nobility borrowed hefty amounts of money, relying on the people to pay it back via taxation. The Jews have always been “highly gifted,” particularly in trade and finance, and they began to dominate in the retail and wholesale trades beginning in the middle ages. They could easily outmaneuver “the hard working common folk.” Other ethnic groups, like Slavs, immigrated to Germany and blended in with the native population. Yet the Jews remained separate, but still attempted to diminish their image to conceal their influence.
In Germany, the Jews, represented by a handful of Jewish bankers, controlled many of the raw materials.
The Germans had inadvertently voted for foreign rule when they voted for the Jews, made them legislators and judges and allowed them to dominate the nation’s finances. The Germans relinquished the press to the Jews who transformed journalism from serious news to frivolity and decreased standards of morality.
Even though the German government was Protestant, it recognized the Vatican’s significance as the basis for European society. By 1905, Russia, Germany, and the Holy See, all strongly opposed to freemasonry.
Germany had an alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy but not with Russia. Germany, the next Marxist target, was sympathetic to what was happening in Russia. According to Count Lamsdorf, many German officials, and others, with great apprehension, recognized the hostile power of the movement toward Russia and in the Provinces of Prussian Poland.
After the Bolshevik Revolution of October 1917, Russia capitulated. The Kaiser’s Turkish allies probably would have delivered Palestine to the Zionists. Then, the Zionists no longer needed Germany, especially since they had an alliance with Britain. Thus, Balfour viewed Germany as expendable.
Since Turkey lost the war and its government had collapsed, they were unable to pay the debt, allowing the Rothschilds to claim Palestine with its strategic location and Christian and Islam significance.
Armenians (Subjects of the Turkish Empire)
Before World War I, the Turks and the Armenians had inhabited the same area for 800 years and the Armenians residing in Anatolia had been Ottoman subjects for almost 400 years without significant problems until outside interference created dissension and polarization. This ultimately led to the destruction of the empire, causing great suffering for the Turks and other Muslims. The Armenians, earlier proselyted by American missionaries, compared to others, advanced economically and educationally while living under Ottoman rule. This was due to the European merchants who chose Christian Armenians to function as their agents, while European consuls interceded in their behalf.
The flexible Armenians acquired confidence and skill in conducting business in Muslim countries. They, like the Sephardim, successfully bridged the gap between the Christian and Islamic worlds.
In the Middle East and, presumably, elsewhere, the richest merchants were also the richest landowners. In Iran, where many Armenians settled, they traded in gems, silk, wool, and cotton and became part of the bourgeoisie, but were still distinct from the local landowners.67 Both Jews and Armenians were heavily involved in the opium trade in Singapore.68 Diaspora minorities of Levantine origin have always conducted international business, without which European maritime trade would not have existed. Jews, Armenians, and Greeks actively traded in such ports as Antwerp, Amsterdam, London, Seville, Marseilles, Livorno, and Venice, where the merchant community and the community of foreign merchants were synonymous. From the sixteenth century, Jews, Armenians, and Greeks coexisted in the Ottoman Empire after its government restricted European traders.
According to British sources, as early as 1913, in anticipation of a war, certain Armenian groups, meeting with the Russian authorities in Tiflis, organized their rebellious endeavors against the Ottomans.
Armenian terrorists participated in political assassinations of dozens of Ottoman and Russian officials between 1860 and the beginning of World War I. They also occupied and threatened to blow up public buildings if the authorities failed to meet their demands. Armenian terrorists, in August 1896, seized control of the Ottoman Bank in Beyoglu, Istanbul, took hostages, and made demands. Between 1904 and 1906, just in one area of the Ottoman Empire, Armenian terrorists assassinated 105 people, of whom 56 were Armenian informers. They killed 32 Russian and Turkish officials, and officers, and others for various reasons, political or otherwise. They assassinated two Armenian victims for every one non-Armenian. Terrorists frequently, even today, destroy their own people for intimidation purposes—to intimidate the majority of peaceful Armenians to remain silent regarding the activities of the terrorists.
Tens of thousands of Armenians fled to the Greek islands, Egypt, or Cyprus to avoid military service in the Ottoman Empire. Those young Armenian men who did participate in the war fought on the side of the empire’s enemies, instead of protecting their homeland. The Armenians who remained in Turkey functioned as the biggest threat to the Ottomans and their efforts to defend their state and the lives of the Muslims of Eastern Anatolia.
Propagandists colored the Armenians as a persecuted minority attempting to exist. They always described them as poor, innocent, and martyred, yet they prospered in the Ottoman society because they controlled a large part of the economy. Lawless bands did victimize people, mostly the Kurds in Eastern Anatolia, and other areas where government officials had little control. The British and French, envisioning the resources of the economically prostate Ottoman Empire saw an opportunity to castigate the Turks and their purported Christian prejudices. Armenians, outsiders in the empire, participated in the cultural and economic assault. 1296 Prior to the European politicization of the Armenian question, there were four distinct groups of Armenians—1) the rich Armenians in Constantinople or Smyrna who rarely interacted with their fellow nationals in Turkish Armenia. Then there were 2) the traders and artisans in the interior towns, 3) then the villagers and finally 4) the independent mountaineers who the Ottoman Empire and its tax-collectors largely ignored. They were the residents of Zeitun, Cilicia, and the inhabitants of about forty other Armenian villages. In Sasun, the mountaineers paid tribute to local Kurdish beys (lords).
By 1854, the Armenian minority in Turkish Armenia, probably numbering about 2,400,000, had intermingled with Kurds and Turks who outnumbered them. In 1882, the Armenian patriarchate of Constantinople said the total Armenian population in the empire was 2,660,000, of whom 1,630,000 lived in the provinces of Turkish Armenia. In 1912, he put the population of the empire at 2,100,000, the decrease due to massacre and the relocation of the Armenians to Russian Armenia. During most of the nineteenth century, the Armenians made up about one-third of the total population of Turkish Armenia, and were the largest minority in the area. 1297 In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, while many Turks and Muslims were suffering at the hands of the Serbs, Russians, Bulgarians, and Greeks, Ottoman laws guaranteed equal rights to Jews and Christians who became very influential in numerous official positions. They had greater autonomy and freedom than the Muslims because Europeans demanded exclusivity for Christians. Following hundreds of years of peace, the Armenians, despite their abundant advantages, rebelled against the Ottoman Empire following the invasion of the Russians into the Caucasian Muslim lands during the Russo-Turkish War. 1298 During that war, many Armenians favored the Russians and even functioned as spies and military forces for the Russians. They even had a base in Russia, where they could transfer men and guns into the Ottoman Empire. In 1828, the Russians had seized the Erivan Province, expelled the Turks, and repopulated the area, tax-free, to the friendlier Armenians. They expelled the Turks because they would have naturally opposed their conquerors.
The 1878 peace treaty relinquished a large portion of Northeastern Anatolia back to the Ottomans, causing many of the Armenians who had assisted the Russians to flee, fearing that the Turks would justifiably retaliate.
Armenians received free land, acquired prosperity, and protection because of the Russian invasions while the Muslims recognized that if the Russians invaded and triumphed again, they would lose their lands and their lives.
Armenians Favor Russians
Armenians would favor the Russians, as they had before. The Armenian rebels also exploited, threatened, and punished the common people. They compelled peasant farmers to become unwilling soldiers and forced them to purchase smuggled over-priced weapons from Russia. The rebels forced the young women, and girls in the villages, to submit to their demands, and murdered people who incurred their displeasure. The callous and uncaring rebels retaliated against resistant villagers by destroying property or farm animals. They attacked Kurdish villages and subjugated the poorest of their own people, while recognizing that the Kurdish tribes would retaliate against innocent Armenian villagers. Absent the influence of external Marxist forces, Armenians in Anatolia could have dwelled in relative harmony with the Turks and Kurds. The Dashnaks, the Armenian rebels, caused the unrest. The desperate Ottoman Government, feeling it had no options, was fully aware of the problem’s foreign origin, but failed to oppose the rebels for a variety of reasons. A foreign country financially supported the rebels and helped to organize a rebellion that would allow the minority radicals to create a political environment wherein they would exclude the majority population from rule.
Kurdish tribes had previously assaulted the Armenians living in southeastern Anatolia, along with other Kurds and Turks, and, as a result of their experience, the Armenians did not trust the Ottoman government, and abhorred the tribal Muslims. Around 1890, the Armenians hoping that Russia might rule them, began asking for the implementation of the protections promised them at the Congress of Berlin, especially in as much as they were now paying taxes. In 1891, Abdülhamid, fearful of Armenian nationalism, authorized the recruitment of an armed Kurdish militia, the Hamidiye, which aligned itself with Kurds. Then, they settled Muslim refugees, angered at their former Christian neighbors, into the eastern provinces, close to the minority Christians, creating a potentially volatile environment.
The Armenians viewed this militia suspiciously, not as a peace-keeping unit, and assumed that the government was against them. The Armenian radicals, at war with the State, had already murdered police chiefs and other officials.
Young Turks Rise
The Jews took power during their Young Turk Revolution, a movement entirely overshadowed by the Chinese Revolution (1911), and the Russian Revolutions (1917). Young Turk leaders then organized and executed the Armenian Genocide wherein between 600,000 and 1,500,000 perished.
Kemal, who deceived the Muslims into thinking he supported the sultan, became the first President, and soon introduced numerous radical reforms in order to create a new modern, secular republic, including the founding of state banks. On June 21, 1934, the Turkish Parliament, with the Surname Law, would confer the surname Atatürk (Father of the Turks) upon Mustafa Kemal.
Mazzini & the Young Turks
In 1862, Giuseppe Mazzini, a proponent of Italian unification and a member of the Carbonari, sent agents to Russia to instigate chaos to create problems for the Czar. Shortly thereafter, with the assistance of Young Poland, he organized a Young Ottoman movement in Paris. By 1876, after his death, these rebels emerged in Constantinople, a community that received the wealthy Maranos and Jewish exiles of Spain, Italy, and Portugal. The rebels paid off the British, initiated free trade, and brought in some Anglo-French bankers. Although another power toppled them, the movement emerged under the Young Turks, an alliance that would destroy the Ottoman Empire within seven years after it formally seized power.
The Young Turks operated in Europe and British-ruled Egypt during Abdülhamid’s reign and founded numerous political parties, committees, and leagues, in order to overthrow his regime and change it first to a constitutional monarchy, in order to later alter the entire political power structure. In 1889, the Young Turks established the Royal Medical Academy in Constantinople, called the Ottoman Union Committee. Mehmed Talaat (known as Talaat Bey) helped found a Masonic lodge, that he later called the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). He was a friend of Ziya Gökalp, a freemason, and a well-known newspaper columnist, political figure, and a primary ideologue of the CUP.
In 1890, in Tiflis, Russia, Christapor Mikaelian, Stepan Zorian, and Simon Zavarian created the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF), known as the Dashnaks, which gained significant strength and generated sympathy among Russian Armenians and the Russian government.
With the advent of European nationalism, the Ottoman Armenians, backed by the two political groups, demanded equal rights, an end to discrimination, and their own autonomous state. Both groups, according to their manifestos, called for terrorist activities, including the assassination of Ottoman officials and Armenians who opposed them. Though Marxist, they used nationalism to accomplish their objectives.
Emanuel Karasu (Emanuel Qrasow), a lawyer and a Sephardic Jew, was a key member of the Young Turks in the 1890s, in Salonica, where he later became the president of the Macedonian Risorta Masonic lodge, and where he sought the support of several Jewish organizations. He launched the development of freemasonry in the Ottoman Empire. Freemasons in Salonica sympathized with the Young Turks, including Mehmed Talaat. Karasu joined the Ottoman Freedom Society, later a part of the CUP. One of those Jewish organizations was the Alliance Israélite Universelle which had eleven schools in Constantinople, with at least 3,000 students. About 1,000 children studied the Talmud in special private schools, of which there were thirty.
In the summer of 1886, Avetis Nazarbekian’s radical articles appeared in the journal Armenia, published in Marseille by Mekertitch Portugalian, a former teacher who inspired his students to found the first Armenian revolutionary party in Van in 1885.
In 1900, the Grand Orient assumed control of the Young Turk Party, composed almost entirely of Jews, Greeks, and Armenians…Most Freemasons in Constantinople associated themselves with the CUP and the Young Turk movement, following the pattern of continental freemasonry.
France and established the Armenian Patriotic Union. Nazarbekian, a student at the St. Petersburg and Paris (Sorbonne) Universities, financed by his wealthy uncle, was engaged to Mariam Vardanian (Maro). As a student in St. Petersburg, she had joined a secret revolutionary band, and, due to her activities, fled to Paris where they met, and where she also met Lenin. During that summer of 1886, they went to Geneva. By summer’s end, they, with four dissident Russian Armenian students, Gevorg Gharadjian, Christopher Ohanian, Ruben Khan-Azat, and Gabriel Kafian, decided to form a revolutionary organization headquartered in Geneva. Nazarbekian wrote a pamphlet, Armenian Eating Chameleon, which the group published and distributed. He also translated some of the works of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Georgi Plekhanov.
Meanwhile, Portugalian’s former students created the Armenakan Party, a small local group. The Geneva group intended to devise a powerful revolutionary party in Turkish Armenia, the Hunchak Party, with foreign branches. It acquired the funds to publish its own journal and circulars for mail distribution to potential Armenian revolutionaries and drafted a program for the first socialist party in Turkey and Persia. It promoted an ideological, humanitarian, socialistic society, a new order, absent inequalities, and where a small privileged minority did not exploit and oppress the impoverished majority. A revolution, according to them, was necessary in order to destroy the current system. The party advocated violent revolution in Turkish Armenia, and the destruction of the existing system as the way of obtaining its objectives.
Initially, the party, created in August 1887, wanted the political and national independence of Turkish Armenia. They felt that the Ottoman government, the aristocracy, and the parasitical capitalists exploited the acquiescent, silent masses by high taxes, land seizure, and the confiscation of the fruits of one’s labor. Further, the people could not selectively worship. In order to save the enslaved Armenians, it wanted to shift the population to socialism with the promise of a popular Legislative Assembly, free elections, universal suffrage, and representatives from all classes of society, freedom of the press, of speech, of conscience, of public assembly, of organizations, universal military service, and a culture wherein people could feel secure in their homes. Additionally, the party would establish a progressive income tax and universal compulsory education. The party intended to implement propaganda, agitation, and terror to achieve its goals.
The Hunchak Party would use terror and the pretenses of protection in order to manipulate the people to trust its program. It would terrorize the Ottoman government to discredit it in the eyes of the masses to bring about its collapse. The Hunchaks wanted to destroy certain Armenian and Turkish politicians, and all spies, and informers. The party created a special group dedicated to executing its terrorist deeds. They would begin by gaining the support of the peasants and workers, divided into two revolutionary factions. They planned to create guerrilla bands to fight during the projected revolution, best instituted at a time when Turkey was involved in a war.
In 1907, in the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed Talaat was the Grand Master of the Scottish Rite Masons, in which numerous Young Turk leaders were high officials. Adolphe Isaac Crémieux, head of the B’nai B’rith in France, helped found the Scottish Rite in Turkey. He had formerly headed Mazzini’s Young France, and helped to install Napoleon III on the throne. The Young Turks were typically part of a progressive university clique, similar to Leo Strauss’ disciples at the University of Chicago.
Most of them were Jewish scientists, influential state officials, journalists, doctors, administrators, and political activists. Mustafa Kemal, born in Salonica, a freemason, a supporter of the Young Turk movement, would later be the first President of Turkey (1923-1938). He was a Spanish Jew by ancestry, an Islamic Marrano, and an orthodox Moslem by birth. According to Encyclopedia Judaica, he was of Dönme origin, an assertion that many Salonica Jews made.
The Young Turks launched a publication, The Acacia, in October 1908, in Salonica, from which, they directed the entire movement. Salonica was the most Jewish town in Europe where the Jews numbered 70,000 out of a population of 100,000. There were several Masonic lodges, under the shelter of European diplomacy, in Salonica, where the revolutionaries made plans for their future activities. The sultan had no defenses against the united power of the freemasons. On May 1, 1909, a very significant date, individuals representing forty-five Turkish lodges convened in Constantinople and created the Grand Orient Ottoman. They nominated Mahmoud Orphi Pasha as the Grand Master. Thereafter, members founded a Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rites.
Vladimir Jabotinsky, a Russian Zionist fluent in several languages including Hebrew, became an editor for The Young Turk, one of several newspapers that the group owned. He went to Constantinople after the Young Turk coup, specifically to edit the paper, which the Russian Zionist federation funded, and the B’nai B’rith managed. He ultimately created the Irgun, a terrorist organization.
When the Young Turks gained control, the multi-ethnic Ottoman Empire was composed of Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, the Arabian Peninsula, a large part of the Balkans, half of Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, and all of Albania. Most of the population was Turkish, along with sizeable numbers of Arabs, Armenians, Greeks, Kurds, and Slavs.
Following the Young Turk Revolution, the relationship between Germany and the Ottoman Empire became uncertain. Previously, Kaiser Wilhelm and Abdülhamid had a good relationship and the sultan approved of the railway concessions and armament contracts. The Young Turks held the sultan responsible for the empire’s problems and they, the empire’s new rulers, mistrusted Germany because of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The counterrevolution, and a new sultan using affable diplomacy, managed to gain German support for Ottoman interests in the Balkans. In 1909, Ottoman officials invited Colmar von der Goltz to the capital to serve as an army inspector and to reform the Ottoman military.
Destruction of Armenians
Turkish officials offered to open their state archives in January 1989. However, they suppressed the records between 1894 and 1923, those most pertinent to the Armenians.
On April 24, 1915, Mehmed Talaat Pasha, a freemason, while posing as an orthodox Moslem, was actually descended from a Spanish-Jewish family. He had collaborated with the Young Turks, also Jews. He ordered the closure of all Armenian political organizations within the Ottoman Empire, and the arrest of all Armenians associated with those organizations. He justified his actions by acknowledging that foreign influences were controlling those organizations and provoking disturbances in collaboration with Russian forces. On the night of April 24/25, 1915, Young Turk authorities arrested between 235 and 270 Armenian leaders in Constantinople, including politicians, clergymen, physicians, authors, journalists, lawyers, and teachers. Several weeks earlier, the government allegedly organized the mass killings of Armenian civilians in the Van vilayet.
Ismail Enver Pasha, because the Armenians were plotting against the government, introduced repressive measures against them, and implemented the deportation of about 2,000,000 Armenians, which culminated in a massacre. Ethnic Turks and Kurds attacked their villages and murdered vulnerable refugees.
The German Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Baron Hans von Wangenheim, stated that a systematic genocide of the Armenians would have obstructed the war effort. He requested that Germany not interfere. Governments hostile to Germany, would exploit anything that Turkish officials did. He said that he thought that Germany should try to modify its methods, but not hinder the Turkish government on its principles. On June 17, 1915, Wangenheim changed his opinions. He wrote, “It is obvious that the banishment of the Armenians is not due solely to military considerations.”
Wangenheim said that it was imperative that the provincial authorities take measures to protect the life and property of evacuated Armenians, during their deportation and in their new location. He reminded the Turkish authorities that their activities could damage German interests, and asked that the deportees be given a grace period before they were actually deported. The Turkish government rejected the Austrian or German appeals.
Wangenheim again wrote to Talaat Pasha demanding that he take measures against Reshid Bey, who was organizing large-scale massacres. Talaat later told Aubrey Herbert of the British Parliament that he opposed the attempted extermination of the Armenians. Yet, he claims that when he protested the policy, others overruled his objections. Wangenheim also wrote to Chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg telling him that diplomatic pressure failed to influence the government and therefore, “Turkey must accept full responsibility for her actions.” Wangenheim soon left for Berlin and his successor, Paul Wolff Metternich, reiterated Germany’s opposition to the Ottoman’s treatment of the Armenians. In August 1916, Young Turk leaders, İsmail Enver Pasha and Mehmed Talaat Pasha, demanded Metternich’s recall citing his stance on the Armenian Question.
Talaat Pasha told Johannes Mordtmann, “Turkey is intent on taking advantage of the war in order to thoroughly liquidate its internal foes, the indigenous Christians, without being thereby disturbed by foreign intervention.”
If Jews continue there as at present, at the end of the war there will be no friction. I believe the Zionists will not provoke the Government. Turkey needs the Jews. They have lost the Armenians and must fill the gap.”
Chaim Nahum, Chief Rabbi of Turkey (1909-1920), associated with the Young Turks, especially Talaat Pasha, who was a good friend. He was Morgenthau’s political counterpart, in as much as Turkey considered sending him to the United States as an ambassador, which concerned some British officials, who feared that World Jewry would ally with the Central Powers. The Jews were such a strong influence, and held enough power to bring United States into the war on the side of Germany and the Turkish Empire.
While Morgenthau was US Ambassador, though he claimed otherwise, he remained relatively silent during what people refer to as the systematic Armenian Genocide.
Undoubtedly, religious fanaticism was an impelling motive with the Turkish and Kurdish rabble who slew Armenians as a service to Allah, but the men who really conceived the crime had no such motive. Practically all of them were atheists, with no more respect for Mohammedanism than for Christianity, and with them the one motive was cold-blooded, calculating state policy.”
In 1919, Morgenthau wrote an incredibly anti-Muslim book detailing the genocidal horrors of the Armenian genocide, actually carried out by the Dönmes, which, at the time, the United States and Britain apparently ignored. He described Sheik-ul-Islam’s alleged appeal for a total Jihad or Holy War against all infidels…Interestingly, certain parties, attempting to ignite hatred, republished his book in 2003, perhaps to provoke US sensibilities against the Muslims.
After the war, Morgenthau attended the Paris Peace Conference as an advisor regarding Eastern Europe and the Middle East issues.
…the Zionists played both sides of the war to guarantee their own objectives, despite the costs to anyone else. On November 12, 1917, The New York Times reported that the Germans recognized that Morgenthau, Walter Rothschild, Frankfurter and President Wilson had conspired to get the United States to enter the war in exchange for the Balfour Declaration.
The Turks also fought in the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922), in the Turkish-Armenian War, September 24-December 2, 1920, and in the Franco-Turkish War, May 1920-October 1921. During those wars, perhaps as many as 1,000,000 people died.
Destruction of Ottomans
The war’s major function was the destruction of the Ottoman Empire, to free Palestine in order to create the state of Israel. The dismemberment of that empire would include genocide and ethnic cleansing. The Milner faction had to manipulate the United States into fighting against Germany. Given the growing influence of America’s Jewish population, chances of dragging them into the war were good. Asquith and Kitchener opposed that plan.
Bankers in Britain and France benefited through extending their financial influence into Turkish territory. They devised massive projects such as railroads, and the Suez Canal, which kept the Arab countries deeply in debt, allowing Britain and France to usurp authority over the Middle East. By 1900, Britain ruled Egypt, the Sudan, and parts of the Persian Gulf. France controlled Lebanon and Syria, where there was a significant Christian minority. The bankers behind the British government divided Iran between the British and Russians. The dismemberment of the Ottoman territories (from Turkey to the Arabian Peninsula), was the top priority of the imperialist powers. In 1900, Theodor Herzl began negotiating with Abdülhamid, the sultan of the Ottoman Empire, for either a charter or an outright purchase of land in Palestine for the Zionists. The sultan rejected Herzl’s request. Dr. Chaim Weizmann later headed the Zionist Movement. At the beginning of World War I, Edmond Rothschild told Weizmann that the coming war would spread to the Middle East, where things of great significance to political Zionism would occur. Apparently, if the Zionists could not obtain a charter or buy land in Palestine, they would simply go to war and seize it.
Politicians, provoked by influential Jews in England and America, used World War I as a political catalyst to gain Palestine as a Jewish homeland.
Britain Seizes Iranian Oilfields
With Russia out of the way in Iran, Britain and their Anglo-Persian Oil Company seized control of oil exploration and development. Britain extracted massive amounts of Iranian oil. Churchill called it “a prize from fairyland beyond our wildest dreams.”
Germany Aids Bolsheviks
In April 1917, the German General Staff, and the German Supreme Command, unknown to the Kaiser, facilitated and financed Lenin and his revolutionaries on their train journey from Switzerland through Germany and Sweden, to Petrograd, Russia, with money funneled from Parvus through Jakub Fürstenberg (Yakov Ganetsky), both Jews.
A few Germans considered supporting Stalin, as they believed they could influence him more than Lenin could. They wanted to destroy both Lenin and Stalin without destroying Russia. The Germans had two objectives, 1) get Lenin to end Russia’s participation in the war, and 2) eliminate Lenin and his revolutionary goals. However, Lenin was incredibly deceptive. While he played along with them, he implemented his revolution, and he intended to manipulate them and then turn against them.
German bankers, through their agents, gave Lenin money before he boarded the train. Lenin exploited everyone for his own objectives, one of which was to destroy imperial Germany, after he had seized power in Russia.
The Kaiser’s Zionist adviser Walter Rathenau (1867-1922), a rich industrialist, also suggested that Germany should finance the Bolsheviks.
Max Warburg, the head of the German Secret Service, allowed Lenin’s train with $20 million in gold to cross the border on its way to Russia.
The occupants of Lenin’s train, of the 165 names published, twenty-three were Russian, three were Georgian, four were Armenian, one was a German, and 128 were Jewish.
Guaranty Trust and Brown Brothers saw a profitable opportunity with the Bolshevik Revolution, for which they supplied cash, guns, ammunition, and discreet political support from London, Washington, DC, and Paris, which gave minimal support. International bankers often finance both sides to incur major indebtedness. By their lending policies, the bankers decide which nation will be victorious. They loan the predetermined loser nation(s) enough money to participate but insufficient funds for a victory. Meanwhile, the banks lend the inevitable victor plenty of money with the understanding that the winner will honor the debts of the defeated countries, via the victor’s seizure of the vanquished nation’s natural and manufactured assets. The bankers invariably win while nations, even victorious nations, mount up unpayable debt and squander their people in warfare.
William B. Thompson sent a document to Prime Minister David Lloyd George in December 1917. He wrote, “The Russian situation is lost and Russia lies entirely open to unopposed German exploitation unless a radical reversal of policy is at once undertaken by the Allies.
British Agents Support Bolsheviks
Thompson’s agents disseminated Bolshevik literature. He wrote to Lloyd George, “After the overthrow of the last Kerensky government we materially aided the dissemination of the Bolshevik literature, distributing it through agents and by airplanes to the German army. If the suggestion is permissible, it might be well to consider whether it would not be desirable to have this same Bolshevik literature sent into Germany and Austria across the West and Italian fronts.” Further, he wrote, “If you ask for a further programme I should say that it is impossible to give it now. I believe that intelligent and courageous work will still prevent Germany from occupying the field to itself and thus exploiting Russia at the expense of the Allies.
Wilson sent Elihu Root to Russia with $100 million from his Special Emergency War Fund to prop up the faltering Bolshevik regime. The evidence of Kuhn, Loeb and Company’s support in the establishment of Communism is extensive. After their victory, the Bolsheviks transferred 600 million rubles in gold between the years 1918 and 1922, to Kuhn, Loeb.
American Jews Fund Communism
American Jews such as the Warburg family funded Lenin and Trotsky. Armand Hammer, son of Russian-born Jewish immigrants, Julius and Rose (Lipshitz) Hammer, whose parents named him after the arm and hammer symbol of the Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP), was a Bolshevik agent. He later assisted in the formation of the American Communist Party, and advocated support for the Bolsheviks. In 1921, Armand Hammer went to the Soviet Union and stayed until late 1930. Jews were deeply involved in the revolution to destroy the czar and Christian Russia. Some individuals claim that British freemasons directed the B’nai B’rith in their installation of the Bolsheviks to destroy the possibility of a Eurasian alliance among France, Germany, Russia, Japan, and China, which would jeopardize British economic and geopolitical objectives. Germany, in the late 1800s, won a concession to build the Baghdad to Berlin railway, which would decrease Britain’s importance as the dominant power.
Wall Street kingmakers decide who gets to be the king, in the United States and elsewhere. Then they control the king. They hire, fire, and/or assassinate him.
The Bolsheviks were unsuccessful in taking over the Russian government during their 1905 revolution. However, with sufficient financing, they would eventually succeed. To acquire the needed financing, Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky met with US industrialists twice, in 1907 and in 1910. The Bolsheviks wanted to establish a land base from which to wage a destructive worldwide revolution. After regrouping and gaining additional funding, they secured influential positions within the government, and by 1917, after the nation was emotionally and economically weakened by warfare, Stalin, Lenin, and Trotsky, all assumed names, prepared for another onslaught against Russia and the Romanov family, who had ruled Christian Russia for 500 years.
Christian Rakovsky, a longtime Trotsky cohort…said, communism is indebted to Kerensky, much more than to Lenin.” He said that Jacob H. Schiff, who had financed Japan’s warfare with Russia in 1905, along with the Warburg brothers, and Kuhn, Loeb ultimately financed Russia’s collapse.
The Grand Orient of France and Italy had established a network of Masonic lodges in St. Petersburg and other large cities, as a foundation to consolidate their power for the revolution. All of the officials in Kerensky’s Provisional Government were Freemasons.
Kerensky, a member of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, and a brilliant orator, who stage-managed the operation to depose the czar, collaborated with Genrikh Sliozberg, the alleged Grand Master for Russia for the B’nai B’rith.
Jews (Zionists) Back Japan Against Russia
Jacob H. Schiff loaned Japan $200,000,000, to fund the Russo-Japanese War in an attempt to destroy the czarist government.
It summoned the working people of the warring countries to wage a civil war within their respective countries to achieve power toward the implementation of a Marxist society. Over forty delegates from various countries attended the Second Zimmerwald Conference, April 24-30, 1916, in the village of Kienthal. The delegates again opposed Lenin’s doctrine in favor of a more pacifist position. While Lenin failed to gain full support, this meeting increased his influence in the Zimmerwald movement.
By November 1918, every country in Europe was experiencing economic chaos, and the destabilization associated with warfare, just as the Bolshevik criminals intended.
Over 70,010 Jews were among Russia’s communist leadership and they made certain to disseminate a majority of Jewish agents throughout Europe.
Lenin encouraged the working-class soldiers to shift the war toward the czar and his monarchy. Then, if they were victorious, they should wage a revolution for the oppressed masses of Europe in other countries.
Within two weeks, people recognized Lenin and Trotsky, previously lauded as heroes, as the criminals they were. Now the crowds yelled, “Death to the Jews, death to the Bolsheviks.” Lenin, through his miscalculations and eagerness, underestimated the citizen’s reactions. Even as war-weary and demoralized as they were, they were unwilling to betray the military and the fatherland. Lenin’s treacherous July revolution failed and the officials deported him and incarcerated his collaborators.
As autumn approached, Lenin planned to destroy Russia and Germany.
Elizabeth Dilling wrote, “Marxism, Socialism, or Communism in practice are nothing but state-capitalism and rule by a privileged minority, exercising despotic and total control over a majority having virtually no property or legal rights.”
Dr. Ray M. Jurjevich, who called the Soviet Union the first Judaic State, wrote, “The real Judaic aim of World War I was to advance their conquest of the world. The chief weapon of that advancement was the Bolshevik Revolution.”
Following the revolution, Russia was the first country in the world to make anti-Semitism a crime. 1591 On July 27, 1918, Lenin outlawed all anti-Semitism, a law, if broken, might result in execution.
Marietta Shaginyan, a writer, discovered that Lenin was Jewish and certain individuals instructed her not to publicize this state secret. In 1935, the court ruled anti-Semitism a penal offense.
After Russia’s Civil War, Lenin was the Soviet’s first chairman, and was personally responsible for the deaths of millions of Russian citizens.
Trotsky was the People’s Commissar for Army and Navy Affairs (1918-1925) and directed the Red Army; a deadly device of the Rothschild (Red Shield) dominated international bankers.
Dzerzhinsky created and headed the Cheka, which, beginning on September 2, 1918, perpetrated the mass murders of the Red Terror and the fratricidal Russian Civil War, complete with concentration camps, even for children.
Dzerzhinsky, under Lenin and Stalin, devised the gulag system, and helped to enforce, and strengthen the Bolshevik’s power. 1600 In the first years of the Soviet regime Louis Marschalko, the Hungarian writer and author of The World Conquerors, the Real War Criminals, claims that the communists killed the following people: 28 Bishops and Archbishops, 6,776 priests, 8,500 doctors, 6,765 teachers, 54,000 army officers, 260,000 soldiers, 150,000 police officers, 48,000 gendarmes, 355,000 intellectuals, 198,000 workers, and 915,000 peasants. According to Marschalko, these figures came from US congressional records.
When Russia declared war on Germany, needing funds for defense, Germany attempted to borrow money from Wall Street, but found that the international financial markets excluded her. However, they funded France and Britain’s warfare. Germany resorted to domestic borrowing, mainly from institutions and large corporations.
In 1915, the SPD advocated German participation in World War I. The avid Marxists who dominated the SPD tried to legitimize their support of the war in the Reichstag. Heinrich Cunow, Paul Lensch, and Konrad Haenisch led this group, individuals who were close to Alexander Parvus (born Israel L. Gelfand), a wealthy Jewish freemason and revolutionary from Odessa, who had joined the SPD by 1886. Conversely, in June 1915, Marxist, Karl Kautsky appealed to his colleagues, Eduard Bernstein and Hugo Haase, asking them to oppose the pro-war leaders in the SPD. He also denounced the German’s alleged annexationist aims.
When the German monarchy fell, influential Jews seized control of the Bavarian government.
Hugh R. Wilson wrote, “In these conditions anti-Semitism reared its ugly head. Millions of returning soldiers out of a job and desperately searching for one, found the stage, the press, medicine and law crowded with Jews. They saw among the few who had money to splurge, a high proportion of Jews.
Before the War
Decades before World War I, the Zionist movement was predisposed to be pro-German. Theodor Herzl, formerly an assimilated Jewish journalist in Vienna, was part of the German-speaking world, whose first supporters resided in Germany and Austria. Germany was the prominent power in Europe and Jews in Germany viewed themselves as the natural leaders of Jewry.
Jews living in America and Britain, including Baron Walter Rothschild, favored Germany in 1914 and 1915, even to the point that Rothschild sent the Kaiser an encouraging cable when the war broke out. At the beginning of the war, most Jews favored Germany because it had attacked Russia, their mortal enemy. They viewed Kaiser Wilhelm, who treated them with deference, as the man who might potentially deliver Palestine to them.
Masonic United States of Europe
In 1922, the Grand Lodge of France acknowledged that freemasons designed the League of Nations to set up the “United States of Europe.”
By the last quarter of 1916, the allies depended wholly on American supplies, and Federal Reserve financing. By 1917, Britain was bankrupt, and ready to relinquish her imperialistic role to the United States, to transfer the wealth from America, as warfare requires huge amounts of cash and credit.
Britain owed money to the Federal Reserve, and had to win to pay the war debts, and keep the banks from losing the money they had loaned.
Wilson told Congress, “The world must be safe for democracy.” The United States entered the war when Britain was close to defeat. The real reasons included the division of the oil-rich Ottoman Empire, and the seizure of Palestine for the creation of Israel, a prospective military presence in the oil-rich gulf. 1369 J. Pierpont Morgan was the US financial agent for all the Allied countries. He also funded France’s participation in the war. Britain owed millions to US banks and businesses who sold war-related components, some shipped on the fated Lusitania. Aiding Britain, our debtor nation, protected the banker’s loans and business profits.
Rathenau, who some people considered the Bernard Baruch of Germany, and who promoted Bolshevism long before, and during World War I, said, “The towns of Germany will not stand in ruins, but will exist as semi-lifeless blocks of stone partially inhabited by a few poor wretches. The streets of certain quarters will be crowded, but all joy and brilliancy will have gone forever. Wearied figures will drag along the rotten pavement toward their slum dwellings. The country roads will be broken up, the forests cut down, and scanty crops be growing in the fields. Docks, railways and canals will have decayed and everywhere the weather-beaten buildings, the monuments of our greatness, will have become homes of sadness.”
“Nations must disappear. Religions must cease to exist. Israel alone will continue to exist, since its people have been chosen by God.”
While working in Paris as a correspondent, Herzl visited with Max Nordau, a man about ten years his senior, and with whom he had commonality. He soon became Herzl’s “chief lieutenant” for Zionism.
Moses (Moshe) Hess (1812-1875), a Jewish philosopher, was the author of Holy History of Mankind (1837), European Triarchy (1841) and Rome and Jerusalem the Last National Question (1862). Karl Marx, Hess’s protégé, became a freemason and an agitator who edited the Rheinische Zeitung (1842-1843). Initially, Marx, who did “not actually originate anything but merely streamlined Talmudism for Gentile Consumption,”59 opposed mass demonstrations, but, through his mentor’s guidance, he soon adapted. In the fall of 1844, in Paris, Hess introduced Marx to Friedrich Engels, which began a lengthy collaboration. Hess formulated the communist ideology, including the abolition of all personal property. He advocated class warfare as a method of preventing mutual cooperation. He hoped to use Judaism, racism, and the class struggle to initiate a revolution and maintained that socialism was akin to internationalism, as socialists have no homeland and do not acknowledge nationality.
He said that the Jews’ function was to change mankind into a savage animal. Marx and Engels advocated many of his ideas, and Theodor Herzl endorsed and advanced Hess’s Zionist dogma in the 1890s. Levi Baruch stressed that the Jews should retain Judaism so that other Jews would not view them as traitors. In earlier centuries, in Spain, some Jews pretended to convert to Christianity to gain access to important government and church positions. Baruch promoted this as a way for “revolutionary Jews” to conceal their Judaism. When ensconced in these administrative positions, they could enact laws prohibiting private property, thus allowing vast riches to fall into their hands and fulfilling the Talmud mandate that they would control the world’s riches. According to Baruch, Jews would control the world, merge the races, abolish borders, eliminate the royal families, and establish the Zionist state.
Hess, an early advocate of socialism, helped found Zionism. He lived in Paris when the revolution began in 1848, and then fled to Belgium, and then Switzerland. He was a correspondent for the Rheinische Zeitung, an extremist newspaper for which Marx also worked. He was friends with both Marx and Engels who he converted to communism. Hess promoted Jewish assimilation into the Universalist Socialist movement and helped to transform Hegelian dialectical idealism into the dialectical materialism of Marxism and provided the basis for many of Marx’s ideas, such as religion functioning as the “opiate of the people.”
Vladimir Jabotinsky claimed that Hess was one of the individuals responsible for the Balfour Declaration, along with Herzl, Rothschild, and Pinsker.
William H. Hechler (Early Zionist)
In 1882, Anglican clergyman, William H. Hechler, whose father worked for the Jews Society, traveled to Germany, France, and Russia to investigate the Jews’ circumstances in those locations. While in Russia, he heard about the pogroms against the Jews. In Odessa, he met Dr. Pinsker and saw the developing Zionist movement. He stopped in Constantinople to deliver a letter from Queen Victoria, via British Ambassador, Frederick Hamilton, to Abdülhamid. It suggested a restorationist solution to anti-Semitism and requested that the Sultan allow the Jews to return to Palestine.
Ramsey MacDonald (Fabian)
Fabian Socialist, James Ramsay MacDonald, later England’s Prime Minister (1924, 1929-1935), visited the United States as early as 1897 with his new wife, Margaret Gladstone, a feminist, social reformer, and daughter of John H. Gladstone. Her substantial inheritance enabled them to enjoy extensive travel. MacDonald felt that the US Constitution was obsolete and needed replacing. Wilson, in his first book, Congressional Government: a Study in American Politics (1901), also criticized what he called outdated principles. He promoted a centralized government with increased control over the citizen’s lives. MacDonald, Wilson and British-educated Edward M. House (Huis), Wilson’s controller shared similar views.
In Benjamin Disraeli’s 1852 novel, Coningsby, the character Sidonia mentions the dozens of Jews involved in the intellectual movement, those acting as financiers behind the European thrones and in multiple commercial and investment interests. He speaks of those involved in the recent revolutions and in an imminent revolution in Germany. He refers to the Jews who monopolize the professorial positions in Germany and even the foundations of Spiritual Christianity. Sidonia says that when he reads of peace and war in the newspapers, and that sovereigns want treasure, it is the Jews that always provide the loans. Jewish diplomats and their connections between belligerent countries that always favor Jewish interests. He lists numerous countries, Russia, Spain, Prussia or Holland, which, in every case, a Jew or a Nuevo Christiano is usually the influential decision-maker. After this account, he says, “So you see, my dear Coningsby, that the world is governed by very different personages from what is imagined by those who are not behind the scenes.”
Lincoln’s revolutionary war, supported by Marx and Engels, caused the deaths of at least 618,222 and perhaps as many as 700,000 people, including about 50,000 Confederate civilians.
British banker Henry Drummond Jr., a member of Parliament (1810), was reputedly Mayer Amschel Rothschild’s connection through Drummond’s father, Henry Sr., a Rothschild colleague and fabric contractor who made money selling military uniforms and financing the rental of Hessian soldiers for the Revolutionary War through Frederick II.
Drummond bankers were then working with the British Treasury to oversee payments to British soldiers in America. Drummond, possibly a Rosicrucian, which was akin to freemasonry, had Zionist interests.
In 1830, Drummond founded the Apostolic Church, and nurtured the Jews Society (CMJ), which probably had little to do with converting Jews to Christ. Rather, it appears to have been a vehicle for the implementation of a counterfeit millennium. Jews detest the idea of Christian conversion, but Zionism rather than Jewish evangelism was the Society’s priority.
In 1823, as recommended by Wolff, the Jews Society recruited John Nicolayson and sent him to Berlin for training before sending him to Jerusalem to work with George Dalton, a missionary to the Jews, who unexpectedly died on January 25, 1826, just before Nicolayson arrived.30 Some people suspect that foul play was involved in Dalton’s death so that Nicolayson could more effectively manage the Jews Society operations in Jerusalem. The Society moved Nicolayson to Jerusalem permanently, where he took over its operations. Assisted by Lord Shaftesbury, Anthony A. Cooper, the Society constructed Christ Church, completed in 1849, in Old Jerusalem, on land purchased by Nicolayson a short distance from the temple site. It is the Middle East’s oldest Protestant church. Although Nicolayson stayed in Palestine to manage the resettlement of the Jews, the sultan would not allow it, and the Zionist plan collapsed.
Albert Cohn first settled in Paris in 1836, and instructed three of Baron James de Rothschild’s children in Hebrew and Jewish history. By 1839, Rothschild had placed Cohn, a dedicated Zionist, in charge of his extensive charities, a position he retained until his death in 1877. Lionel Rothschild, Nathan’s son, sent Joseph Wolff, already in the area, and Cohn with a delegation to Israel to give assistance to the Jews in the area because of the Damascus Affair. Cohn developed a lifelong association with the Rothschilds.
Lord Palmerston, Henry J. Temple, sent British troops to Palestine soon after Shaftesbury persuaded the British government to open a consulate in Jerusalem (1838-1839). Given the Rothschilds’ influence in the government, they might have suggested that the queen appoint a Protestant bishop in Jerusalem. The freemasons also supported the proposal. Both Palmerston and Shaftesbury were involved in freemasonry. Lord Palmerston, urged by Lord Shaftesbury, asked the Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid I (1839-1861) if the British Jews could relocate to Ottoman Palestine.
On August 17, 1840, a newspaper published a report saying that the British government was considering a restoration of Jews to Palestine. Apparently, Lord Shaftesbury, who had religious motivations, persuaded Lord Palmerston to intercede, along with newspaper support. Shaftesbury, related to two Prime Ministers, had visions of Britain restoring Israel and redeeming humanity according to his interpretation of ancient biblical prophecy.
Protestants Support Israel
In 1841, Queen Victoria appointed Michael Alexander as the Protestant bishop in Jerusalem, as suggested by King Frederick William IV of Prussia. Reportedly, the Jews Society and the German Rothschilds persuaded King Frederick and the Lutherans to establish Protestant representation in Jerusalem, akin to the Vatican.
Earl of Shaftesbury
The Earl of Shaftesbury, the president of the Jews Society, “brought the support of numerous friends” to achieve this Jerusalem appointment. His father-in-law, Lord Palmerston, avidly supported Zionism and Jewish settlement.
Christian Zionism became a principal factor in American Evangelicalism because of five factors: 1) John Nelson Darby, an Anglo-Irish evangelist, visited the United States, where he disseminated radical dispensational ideas and a restoration of Israel; 2) James Brookes, Dwight L. Moody, Cyrus Scofield, and Blackstone had prophecy conferences and Bible schools and founded Christian Zionism, which merged with the evangelical establishment; 3) Christian Zionists adopted Scofield’s reference Bible, which promoted Dispensationalism; 4) Lewis S. Chafer, Charles Ryrie, John Walvoord, and others justified Christian Zionism through schools like the Dallas Theological Seminary and the Moody Bible Institute; 5) Contemporary Christian Zionism evolved through the writings of Hal Lindsey and Tim LaHaye and a multitude of agencies, such as Jews for Jesus.
Sir Mark Sykes
Sykes was sympathetic toward the Armenians, Arabs, Turks, and Jews. As an officer, Sykes worked at the War Office as a protégé of Lord Herbert H. Kitchener, the Secretary of State for War.
Sir Mark Sykes, a budding Zionist and co-author of the agreement, was good friends with Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the head Zionist. The Sykes-Picot Agreement conformed to the Rothschild agenda. Britain intended to seize control of all of the undeveloped oil-rich Arabian Gulf after the war.
Prime Minister Lloyd George’s astute legal skills immeasurably enhanced his career in behalf of the World Zionist Organization. Sir Philip Sassoon, whose mother was a Rothschild, was his secretary. Dr. Weizmann was certain that Lloyd George, with fundamentalist Christian parents, was even more predisposed to the Zionist ideology than Balfour.
J. Pierpont Morgan financially backed McKinley’s Assistant Navy Secretary Theodore Roosevelt, a freemason (Lodge #806, Oyster Bay, New York), and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, who were the nucleus of a jingoistic Washington cabal that promoted war and worked tirelessly to provoke it.
Henry Morgenthau Sr., a member of both the Pilgrims Society, and B’nai B’rith, was a Harlem real estate mogul and a leader in New York City’s Reform Jewish community. His money helped to install Woodrow Wilson into the White House, and the new president asked him to accept the ambassadorship to Turkey. Though lacking experience, Morgenthau reluctantly accepted the position (1913-1916), with the encouragement of his good friend, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, a founder, and leading member of the Zionist Organization of America, founded in 1897, to do everything necessary to secure a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Wilson appointed Abram I. Elkus (1916-1917), a key member of the American Jewish Congress.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Henry Cabot Lodge had attacked Wilson’s Fourteen Points as unrealistic and too weak, maintaining that they should militarily and economically demolish Germany, and then burden it with severe penalties to remove all possible future threats to Europe’s stability. This sounds strangely similar to the vindictive Morgenthau Plan after World War II.
In 1924, Bernard Baruch reportedly financed Maxwell L. Schuster and Dick Simon to form Simon and Schuster. 1710 Following World War II, just before the huge media and Hollywood emphasis on the Holocaust, William L. Shirer, worked for Edward R. Murrow, the European manager of Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS). Shirer, a corporate journalist and a Jew, provided the news coverage, or the official version, during and immediately after the war.
Edward Isaac Ezra
Edward Isaac Ezra (1882-1921) born in Shanghai, to a wealthy Jewish family, was the first Chinese-born member of the Shanghai Municipal Council. He amassed a vast fortune, perhaps twenty to thirty million dollars, through the importation of opium. He also invested heavily into real estate in Shanghai in the early twentieth century. He was the largest stockholder and the managing director and major financier of Shanghai Hotels Limited and controlled the Astor House Hotel in Shanghai. When the government banned opium imports in 1917, drug dealers went underground and the Shanghai traffickers set up their own refineries. The Green Gang, operating from the French Concession, was a criminal cabal and the most powerful secret society which merged into the corporate system after 1932. Thereafter, they dominated the domestic drug distribution, under the direction of Tu Yue-sheng, head of the Chung Wai Bank, and board chairman of the Commercial Bank of China, making it easy to finance his drug enterprise.
Arnold Rothstein then sent Yasha Katzenberg, his employee, to Shanghai to confirm the opium pact. Rothstein, whose mother was Esther Rothschild, headed the infamous Jewish mafia. He had connections to the Seligman, Wannamaker, and Gimbel families. Rothstein, Meyer Lansky, and Lucky Luciano distributed liquor for the Bronfman cabal during US prohibition.
Bronfman, after prohibition ended, sent his cohorts to Shanghai and Hong Kong to develop a drug network to export to America. Britain’s criminal element, working with notable Chinese drug traders, sought to create an opium cartel.
CBS Corporation owns Showtime, formerly known as Viacom, which it reorganized on December 31, 2005 to create a mega media.
Jews and the Slave Trade
In his book, Capitalism and Slavery, Eric Williams concluded that the massive slave trade in the Atlantic helped fuel the Industrial Revolution, especially in Protestant countries, where governments allowed Jewish financiers to reside. Officials borrowed vast amounts of money from them for warfare and to construct and equip slave ships, which used various iron contraptions to restrain the slaves.
Star of David
In 1822, the Rothschilds unveiled the Star of David, the hexagram symbol of Zionism, now the flag of the Israeli State, as their family emblem.
Fate of Hungary
The Allies forced Hungary, a quickly developing country who supported Germany, according to the Treaty of Trianon, to relinquish over two-thirds of its territory. This shifted 3.3 million ethnic Hungarians into Romania and Czechoslovakia. The newly configured Hungary also had to pay war reparations to its neighbors.
…they surrounded Germany’s allies, Austria and Hungary, with more powerful, bigger states friendly to the Allies.
Ruin of Austro-Hungarian Empire
The Allies reduced the multinational Austria-Hungary into numerous pieces lacking the cohesiveness they once enjoyed. This partition spawned the state of Czechoslovakia whose population consisted of Czechs (46%), Slovaks (13%), Poles (2%), Ukrainians (3%), Hungarians (8%), and 3.5 million Germans (28%).
Ruin of Germany
Commercially, Germany lost all of her African colonies; the Allies placed them under the League of Nations’ jurisdiction.
The Allies forced Germany to surrender 67,273 square kilometers, comprising one-eight of its territory, which had a population of 5,138,000 people. The Allies appropriated all merchant ships over a certain size, a quarter of the fishing fleet and a fifth of the river fleet and half of all German paints and non-military chemicals as well as their production of those items for the next five years. Over the next five years, Germany had to construct merchant ships for the allies. Further, she was to supply 140 million tons of coal to France, eighty million tons to Belgium and seventy-seven million to Italy. The allies gained the right to use all German railways, ports, waterways for a very small remuneration, all in addition to huge reparations. They designed these unrealistic and inequitable provisions, not to promote peace but to instill resentment, to set the stage for more warfare.
The Allies seized Germany’s merchant navy and unethically confiscated private property from many countries throughout the world that belonged to German citizens. The amoral Allied powers usurped the right, by virtue of the treaty, to retain or dispose of privately held companies or other assets. This occurred without any compensation to the victims of this wholesale plunder. Furthermore, the Allies held German citizens responsible for the liabilities or indebtedness on those confiscated items. Additionally, the Allies and their lawyers stipulated that Germany could not make capital investments in other countries and had to relinquish the title of any possessions in neighboring countries.
Germans, already starving, were required to surrender their remaining livestock—they had to deliver their cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and even their dairy cows to France and Belgium. They left the starving children, the most vulnerable victims in any war, without milk to drink. The confiscation of Germany’s coal resources caused the deaths of German children who were not only starving but would now freeze to death without a source of heat.
The Treaty of Versailles was a deliberate “instrument of continuing aggression.” Francisco Nitti, Italy’s Prime Minister wrote, “It will remain forever a terrible precedent in modern history that, against all pledges, all precedents and all traditions, the representatives of Germany were never even heard, nothing was left to them but to sign a treaty at a moment when famine and exhaustion and threat of revolution made it impossible not to sign.”
Hjalmar Schacht, Emile Francqui, John Foster Dulles, later referred to as the “most dangerous man in America” established the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), chartered on January 20, 1930. The officials who designed the Hague Treaty created it to receive German reparations payments. Germany would pay these funds to the BIS in Basel, owned by the world’s central banks…The BIS gradually assumed control of coordinating banking and economic policy across the world.
…in 1933, Hitler renounced all reparations. The Germans had already paid about 10.5 billion marks under the Dawes Plan (1924-1931). Before 1924, they had paid 56,577 billion marks. The Allies claimed that Germany had only paid 10,426 billion. In truth, Germany probably paid, before 1924, about 40 billion marks. 1866 Though reparation ended in 1933, the Allies reinstated them after World War II.
Position of Vatican on Israel Settlement
The Vatican knew about the Sykes-Picot Agreement. For centuries, France had protected Catholic power in the Ottoman Empire. On April 11, 1917, Monsignor Eugenio Pacelli and the new Pope, Benedict XV, in talking with Sir Mark Sykes implied that the Vatican would not be adverse to Zionist settlement in Palestine.
On May 15, 1922, Cardinal Gasparri officially notified the League of Nations that it opposed the British Mandate and that the Holy See could not consent to “the Jews being given a privileged and preponderant position in Palestine vis-à-vis the Catholics” or to “the religious rights of the Christians being inadequately safeguarded.” The Pope opposed Jewish immigration and naturalization. On July 22, 1922, despite this opposition, the League of Nations authorized the British Mandate, including the Balfour Declaration. Finally, the Vatican acknowledged the British Mandate regardless of the fact that Vatican officials believed that the irreligious Zionists would ostracize the Palestinian Christians, and alter the Christian nature of the nation. The Vatican claimed that the Jews were responsible for the various life-style and moral values in the local population.
In 1879, Adolf Spreckels bought controlling interest in W. G. Irwin & Company, Hawaii’s leading brokerage firm, giving him control over a significant amount of the island’s sugar crop.
On February 23, 1905, Paul P. Harris, of B’nai B’rith, along with Silvester Schele, Gustavus Loehr, and Hiram Shorey, founded Rotary International in Chicago. There are Rotary Clubs throughout the world, including Russia, Sweden, France, Estonia, and other unexpected areas. Similar groups with freemason connections include Lions International, founded in 1917 by Melvin Jones, a freemason and a member of B’nai B’rith.
Lions Clubs are located in America and around the world, with a total of 17,441 clubs. Freemasons infiltrated the Bohemian Club, founded in 1872 Sonoma County, north of San Francisco. Currently, there are at least 2,700 male members, politicians, bankers, and businessmen.
The people who controlled the majority of the top brands of whiskey were Isaac Strauss and Solomon W. Pritz, Max Hirsch, J. and Sol H. and A. Freiburg, Angelo Meyer, Nathan Hofheimer, Morris S. Greenbaum, Joseph Wolf, Lee Levy, Dreyfuss-Weil Company, and Bluthenthal and Blickert. Yet, a few authentic distillers remained.
The “Jewish agents of Jewish capital” built a huge network for generating massive revenues, complete with a propaganda apparatus to shape public opinion. From the time they consolidated the distillers, whiskey became so rotten in the whiskey state, Kentucky, that there remained only four wet counties by 1908. The Jewish controllers focused on selling their debauched liquor in quantity, including selling the cheap barrel-house at cut-rate prices. Many Jews became saloon owners and the number of dives selling barrel-house increased. Soon, there was a widespread wave of vice in various parts of the country, which people could not explain. However, the people behind it knew the cause. In 1908, Norman Hapgood, the editor of Collier’s Weekly, published the names of the Jews behind the nation’s liquor debauchery. He referred to something called “nigger gin,” an abhorrent potion which apparently influenced the “Negro” in a “most vicious manner.”
Irwin claimed that these provoked a “peculiar lawlessness,” as its “labels bore lascivious suggestions and were decorated with highly indecent portraiture of white women.” This gin was always available to the Negro, whether in Galveston, New Orleans or elsewhere. When liquor became legal in Canada, the Bronfman brothers started peddling their whiskey to underworld gangsters in America, who had instituted Prohibition in 1920. The US government, through its records, claim that over 34,000 Americans died from drinking their whiskey during that short era. Edgar Bronfman Sr., Sam’s son, a longtime ADL director, is the former president of the World Jewish Congress
Toward the end of the war, technicians had gathered up all of the vaccines on the lab shelves and vaccinated every single US soldier, the first time in history that a government had mandated compulsory inoculations in the military. This poisonous medical assault, the Schick diphtheria vaccine, outlawed years before in Austria, due to the deaths of several children, killed more US soldiers than the war.
…the tax-exempt Rockefeller Foundation resolved to regulate domestic education, while the Carnegie Foundation would dominate international education. Their first objective was to alter the way that instructors teach history. The Guggenheim Foundation, like the Rhodes scholarship program, granted fellowships, agreeing to fund twenty United States history students who were seeking doctoral degrees. These students, after indoctrination, formed the nucleus of the American Historical Association, which was founded by Andrew D. White, a member of the Order of Skull and Bones—(S&B) – also known as the Brotherhood of Death.
Using the concept of herd mentality in government-provided public schools as mandated by Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto, teachers authoritatively instruct students on what to believe. They do not encourage or teach critical-thinking skills, but rather disseminate “facts” that correspond to the needs of corporations and federal guidelines to an obedience-trained group of mostly non-questioning students.
Funding the First World War
On November 23, 1913, John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Mellon, Andrew Carnegie, and J. Pierpont Morgan, Frank A. Vanderlip and other bankers, financiers, and industrialists created the American International Corporation (AIC), capitalized with $50 million specifically to assist the Bolsheviks in their revolution.
Individuals associated with the Federal Reserve and Wall Street assumed control of AIC, all attempting to profit from imminent war.
In 1916, AIC purchased New York Shipbuilding, a navy contractor that, by 1918, owned the world’s biggest shipyard. The National City Bank, a year later, reorganized Remington Arms and installed Samuel F. Pryor who presided over the company as general manager and then president. Remington produced sixty-nine percent of all American-produced rifles used by US troops fighting in World War I. The firm also manufactured over fifty percent of all the small-arms ammunition for the United States and her Allies.
President Woodrow Wilson placed the nation’s monetary system into the hands of the international bankers through the Federal Reserve System. When the United States entered into World War I against Germany, on April 6, 1917, Wilson relinquished further economic control of the government to three of his financial backers, all Jews, Eugene I. Meyer, Paul Warburg, and Bernard Baruch. Meyer was Baruch’s partner in the Alaska Juneau Gold Mining Company.
… J. P. Morgan advanced Britain $400 million at the beginning of the war. 1532 By 1917, the Morgans and Kuhn, Loeb Company had loaned the Allies $1.5 billion in addition to financing numerous front organizations designed to embroil America into warfare. Morgan also offered to give the Allies credit.
Germany Gets Loans from Jewry
German loans generated within the United States included $400,000, from Kuhn, Loeb & Company in September 1914, backed by the collateral of twenty-five million marks deposited with Max M. Warburg, Kuhn, Loeb’s German affiliate. Chase National Bank, part of the Morgan group, loaned Germany $3 million.
Kuhn, Loeb Company was the country’s biggest owner of railroad properties in the United States and Mexico and had controlling interest in The New York Times.
First World War Casualties
In the First World War, soldiers killed 9,911,000 people in action and wounded 21,219,500 people, while 7,750,000 people were missing in action for a total of 38,880,500. In the Second World War, there were over 24,000,000 military deaths and 49,000,000 civilian deaths, totaling 73,000,000 deaths, not including the number of wounded or missing. That is 82,911,000 deaths in two world wars, not including the 28,965,500 wounded or missing from World War I.
Funding Bolsheviks to take Russia
After Trotsky had gathered a group of 300 Marxist revolutionaries from Manhattan’s Lower East Side, Rockefeller allowed them to train in the Standard Oil compound in New Jersey. Then, they sailed from New York on the S.S. Kristianiafjord, chartered by Schiff, who also supplied Trotsky with $20 million in gold. It was a paltry sum to acquire control of Russia and her vast natural resources. Rockefeller gave Trotsky $10,000 for traveling expenses and arranged a special passport for him with President Woodrow Wilson.
Prime Minister David Lloyd George (1916-1922) cabled them and ordered the immediate release of Trotsky. They ignored him. John D. Rockefeller then directed Canadian Minister Mackenzie King to intervene, and he maneuvered Trotsky’s release. 1549 In April 1917, after nine years, Lenin was returning to Russia to join Trotsky, the person with the connections to the bankers.
Churchill’s grandfather, Leonard Jerome, had a seat on the New York Stock Exchange and was chummy with the Rockefellers and the Vanderbilts.
Winston Churchill and Cecil Rhodes, intimate friends, shared the same Anglo-American beliefs of returning the United States to British rule. On June 2, 1899, Churchill and Rhodes had breakfast at London’s Burlington Hotel and planned South Africa’s war, which began on October 11, 1899. Rhodes, on behalf of the bankers, believed that he had found his “man of action” for returning America to British domination using economic warfare.
Following America’s financial obligations due to its costly participation in World War I, Churchill concocted an elaborate scheme, wherein he collaborated with US officials and media magnates, to launch an economic offensive against American citizens. He, with dozens of people, constructed a financial terrorist network to eventually facilitate the 1929 stock market crash that reverberated around the world to affect economics for decades.
On April 28, 1925, Churchill, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, returned England to the gold standard, adjusted the British pound to $4.86, limiting industry and the quantity of British goods and decreasing the amount of affordable goods for export, also a disaster for English consumers. Simultaneously, hundreds of millions of dollars in gold flowed to the United States from Europe. The New York Federal Reserve gave the Bank of England a $200 million credit and J. P. Morgan gave the British Treasury a $100 million credit. Churchill and his accomplices invested heavily into the United States stock market. From 1923 to 1929, the Federal Reserve’s printing press created a 62 percent inflation rate, and then abruptly stopped.
Baruch introduced Churchill to William Crocker, head of the wealthy California banking family. The Churchill party spent the night of September 12, 1929, at the Crocker estate before visiting publisher William Randolph Hearst, another Baruch crony. They arrived at the $30 million San Simeon Castle on September 13, 1929, where they spent several days while Hearst and Churchill discussed the world’s future. In 1951, Hoover, Baruch, Douglas MacArthur, Roy Howard, Arthur Sulzberger, Robert McCormick, and Earl Warren were Hearst’s honorary pallbearers.
On December 11, 1930, New York’s fourth largest bank, the Bank of the United States, failed. Its 450,000 depositors had no recourse and there was no FDIC insurance. Another 1,000 banks had already failed in 1930.
Churchill toured the United States again (December 1931-March 11, 1932) to arrange support for American involvement in another war. On February 9, 1932, he delivered a speech to the New York Economic Club. His old friends sat on the podium—Baruch, Schwab, Rockefeller, Kahn, Henry Morgenthau, Samuel Seabury, Merlin H. Aylesworth, James Speyer, William C. Osborn, Nathan Miller, Raymond B. Fosdick and Karl Bickel. He thanked the United States for pouring billions of dollars into European countries since the end of World War I, and then warned about the crisis of Communism.
On April 5, 1933, because of the stipulations in the Emergency Banking Act, Roosevelt made it illegal for citizens to own gold. He ordered people to turn in all gold coins, gold bullion, and gold certificates to the FR banks by May 1 (Illuminati was created on May 1, 1776). Baruch, the single greatest holder of gold bricks, retained possession of his gold. People faced imprisonment and fines if they failed to surrender their gold. On June 5, 1933, Congress enacted a joint resolution outlawing all gold clauses in contracts. Now the FR was free to print unlimited amounts. While the FR augmented the war in Europe, Roosevelt’s activities really energized it. Churchill and Norman had removed the English pound from the gold standard in 1931 which altered world trade.
Roosevelt, with his communistic New Deal, strengthened the Federal Reserve and introduced the practice of deficit spending, the brainchild of Britain’s John Maynard Keynes.
Hoover appointed Eugene I. Meyer, Baruch’s partner in his Alaska gold mining operation, as the Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, a position he held until May 10, 1933. In 1946, he would become president of the World Bank.