Moses in Ancient Egypt:
The Hidden Story of the Bible
by Richard Darlow
Moses in Ancient Egypt:
The Hidden Story of the Bible
by Richard Darlow
Dead Sea Scrolls
They revealed that much of Hebrew history and religion was omitted in the official books
Zion (Tanis), north-eastern area of the Delta, near Avaris (Goshen)
According to the Dead Sea Scrolls, the area of the Delta was ruled at that time by a Pharaoh of Zoan (Zion) – an Egyptian term
Arrived (around the year 1783 BC - the 13th Dynasty). Abraham (from Ab'ram, meaning "of Ra the Father," was the first pharaoh of the despised Hyksos invaders.
…the Hyksos swooped down first upon Memphis in the north, then they assaulted the Egyptian heart, the city of Thebes, besieging there an outnumbered and outclassed army. The Hyksos infantry wielded far more deadly weapons and wore solid bronze armour. Their archers were equipped with vastly superior composite bows, whose increased range, power and accuracy far exceeded other bows of the period. In the open field of battle, the Hyksos scattered the terrified Egyptians, charging at them with waves of horse-drawn war-chariots, which the defending army had never before encountered.
The Hyksos then allowed the Egyptians in the southern land to be ruled by their own native kings, on condition that they remained submissive to Hyksos overlordship.
The Egyptians did not eat sheep, since the ram was sacred to their supreme sun-god Amun. Therefore, we know that the Pharaoh who allowed the people of Jacob (who did eat and raise sheep) to live in Goshen, in the Delta area, could only have been a Hyksos.
Is thought by Richard Darlow to have gained his ship-building skills from the Phoenicians. Why could he not have been a Phoenician? But the Noah story has now been found to have been based on a much earlier story. Distortion indeed.
Abraham (Lived in the 17th Century BC)
Abraham was already 75 when God told him to leave Haran. Thought to have visited Pharaoh in 1644 BC.
Abraham's Biblical visit to the Nile Delta region to between 1713-1656 BC, the period of the 14th Dynasty in Egypt.
Abraham is believed to have lived approximately 150 years before Moses, 300 years after Noah
He is given the name Israel, by the Egyptian Pharaoh Ahmose, after the lands and districts are re-divided. This is a composite term. But it really refers to his religious status. He is the Hyksos YAKOBAAM (Jacob in Hebrew is Yakob). He was a solar cult pharaoh, living on after the departure of the Hyksos main body. For some unknown reason, this group was not routed also.
He Is the son of this Jacob and so could not have been some vagabond, betrayed and left to die by his 11 brothers.
“Nath” in both Joseoh’s Biblical title and in the name of his wife, Asenath, provides material evidence to associate him with the elusive Anather, one of the two historical Semitic leaders known to have ruled in Goshen, the other being Yakobaam (ie. his father Jacob).
This was during the time of Apep II (it is thought), the last Hyksos king of Egypt.
Pharaoh was wroth with his servants, and put me in ward, in the captain of the guard's house, both me and the chief baker: And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he...there was in there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams...And it came to pass, as he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged - (Genesis 41:10-12)
Dates of Jacob or Joseph
It becomes very difficult to make a case dating either JACOB or JOSEPH after about 1540 BC, since all of the corroboratory evidence, both archaeological and historical, connects them compellingly to the period running up until that – Richard Darlow (Moses in Ancient Egypt: The Hidden Story of the Bible)
The Move of Israelites into Egypt
Canaan was sorely afflicted by the famine, so old Jaacob was forced to send his sons, led by Levi, down into Egypt to buy them food. Through a complex chain of events, Joseph was then re-united with his family, after two years of the famine had elapsed, when he was 39 years old, which I reckon was in 1566 BC.
The Israelites soon migrated with their families into northern Egypt at the pharaoh’s invitation, and it is said they numbered seventy in all. They dwelled in Goshen between the Pelusiac branch of the Nile and the Red Sea, surviving as shepherds with flocks of sheep and herds of cattle. Since the Egyptians considered it sacrilegious to consume sheep (the ram was the sacred beast of Amun in Egypt), it outraged them that these Israelites lived off their fat. This confirms that the pharaoh who consented to the Israelite settlement must have been a Hyksos king, for the Egyptians would never have freely allowed such activities by foreigners upon their sacred lands. The Egyptians referred to Goshen as the “land of Rameses”. The Israelite-built city of ‘Pi-Ramesses’ was in the very same region. Joseph became extraordinarily rich in lands during the seven years of famine, since his customers who had no money were compelled to give him their property instead, if they wished to eat. The Bible records that JOSEPH awarded territory in Goshen to his old father JACOB, hence my belief that ISRAEL was a title lovingly conferred on JACOB by his son JOSEPH...
For 17 years Jacob lived in Goshen, and then he died, when Joseph was (39 + 17 =) 56 years old. If Joseph was born in 1605 BC, then his father Jacob died in 1550-49 BC. JACOB was embalmed, according to the Egyptian tradition of mummification. His body was taken to Canaan and buried there alongside those of Abraham and Isaac in the ‘Field of Machpelah.’
When most of Joseph’s generation had passed away, the new Egyptian pharaoh, who had not personally known the Israelite Vizier, initiated a policy to enslave and exploit the Israelite occupiers for free labour. He commanded his Israelite slaves to build the cities of Raamses and Pithom. Following the expulsion of the Hyksos, the Semitic settlements in the eastern Nile Delta were savagely attacked by the new 18th Dynasty Egyptian kings. In the years between 1530-20 BC, Pi-Ramesses (or ‘Raamses’) was built over the levelled remains of Joseph’s former city, the new city having been built by the hands of those early Israelite slaves, whom JOSEPH had once protected. This was the former site of Avaris, the Hyksos capital, which came, along with almost everything else in Egypt, into the short-term possession of Joseph. Structures at Avaris have demonstrated the presence of a powerful, highly religious Semitic people. One large slab of stone has been found there bearing hieroglyphs which pronounce the name “Is-ra-el”, the titular name of Jacob, a holy title which, I believe, was formed of three divine names IS(is)-RA-EL
After his entry into Egypt, his skill in agriculture and finance made him a wealthy man. During the famine he acquired a great amount of good land in exchange for the food in the granaries that he controlled, under the name of the Pharaoh. He held this position (Vizier) for about 26 years.
The 70 people who came with Joseph into Egypt could only have expanded to about 300 peoples during the 2 “generations” that Joseph is believed to have resided in Egypt. The Pharaoh could hardly have seen these people as a physical threat. After all the whole might of the Hyksos People had already been routed by the 300,000 strong Egyptian army. And it cannot be believed that it is these mere 300 people that were bonded into slavery by the same Pharaoh that had promoted Joseph.
Pharaoh who knew not Joseph – probably Ahmose’s successor Amenhotep I, whose great capitol was at Thebes. He may have forced Levite slaves to work on his temple at Karnak.
Moses – Official Story
The daughter of Levi (Joseph’s brother) was called Yochabed, and she had three children by Amram (who was her nephew, and a grandson of Levi), these being Aaron, Miriam, and their youngest child would become the prophet known as Moses. This mother of Moses is revealed to be a princess of the Levites. Her oldest son, brother of Moses, was Aaron, the leader of the Jews.
The regime was meant to be intolerant, and because of the Pharaoh’s strange dream that a Messianic figure would come and dethrone him, he had all Semitic mothers destroy their first born children. This was to be done by throwing the newborn babies into the Nile, so they could be eaten by the crocodiles. However, the child Moses drifts downstream a very short way, and is discovered by the actual daughter of the Pharaoh that has passed the decree. This princess is barren herself so she adopts the baby and has it raised by her midwives (who are probably Levite). The person she gives the child to is its own mother. The rest of the story concerning his life in Egypt is missing.
The Name Moses
Very connected to Messeh, or Messiah, which was an Egyptian word which related to the Crocodile god Sobek. This was a priestly title, bestowed on those who were of an elite theocratic standing in Egypt.
Some scholars believe that it was the Princess Hatshepsut that discovered Moses on the Nile. This would put his birth around the 1470s BC. (She was Queen between 1473 and 1458 BC). She ruled with Tuthmosis III, who was weak when she ruled, but who went on to become one of Egypt’s greatest military leaders. It is known that she dominated and controlled Tuthmosis, who may have hated her and her ways. Many carvings and inscriptions and images of her were defaced during his reign. If she was favorable towards the Levites, he may not have been so inclined.
But it is a mere romantic notion that inspires scholars to think of Hatshepsut (or her sister Neferubity) finding Moses. Queen Tiye was just an important a figure, and more eligible for the part. There was a lot of controversy surrounding Hatshepsut, but it was to do with her own sex life, and strange relationship with one of her architects.
Temples of Learning
Of all of the ancient schools of learning, the most prestigious was The Household Of The Royal Children at Thebes. The royal males were taught by the The Teacher of the Royal Children.
If Moses truly was Egypt’s Crown Prince, it becomes clear that his training and experience as a scribe in Egypt prepared him later to pen, in the earliest phonetic Hebrew script, the original Old Testament books of the Bible. We have no primitive versions of the first five Biblical books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers & Deuteronomy) that predate the developed Hebrew language, so it is hard to assess what extent of the Biblical texts were written by MOSES himself.
Darlow believes the tetragrammaton relates to the four cardinal points. But this would make Jehovah a god of the four points in astrology. But this is not the case. Jehovah is connected to Adonai and to Aton, the sun god. Of course, the sun does move to four locations on its journey, and this would make Jehovah a god of the four points. But the Aton or Adon, was primarily a god of the horizon.